Over the years I've been asked "How can we help our child with their maths?" many times. There are lots of things that parents can do to help develop their children's maths skills. The activities included here are free and found in everyday situations, so no need to buy any books or spend money on expensive resources.

It's important to remember that maths is all around us. We come across problems that need to be solved using time and money in our lives all the time. We're managing risk and solving problems all day long, as well as estimating and measuring. So the short answer is "by involving them in day to day discussions which involve maths. The longer answer is as follows..

Around the home

There are lots of opportunities around the home to talk about maths. Here are some ideas:

• Talk about numbers in sport. How many points does your team need to avoid relegation? How many goals/tries/conversions/points/runs has your team scored this season?
• When cooking, measure ingredients and set the timer together. Talk about fractions in cooking, for example ask them how many quarter cups make a cup.
• Discuss proportions when you make a cup of tea or squash as them how much milk or how much water they're using.
• Talk about the shape and size of objects. Use the internet to find interesting facts like tallest and shortest people, or biggest and smallest buildings etc.
• Talk about time. For example get them to work out what time you need to leave the house to get to school on time.
• Look for maths on TV, newspapers, magazines and talk about it together.
• Use newspapers. Talk to your child about percentages in special offers, the probability in the weather reports, the length of TV shows and compare the salaries in the jobs section.
• Solve maths problems at home. For example 'we have 3 pizzas cut into quarters, if we eat 10 quarters, how many will be left?’
• Talk about shape, size and quantity. Use the internet to find interesting size facts like most and least populated cities, highest mountains or deepest valleys etc.

Maths and Money

Money is linked really closely to maths and developing financial literacy is really important with young children. What about:

• If your child has a mobile phone, use it to talk about maths and money saving. Look together for the best plans; Does their network sell any extras that would make texts or calls cheaper? Is it cheaper to text or use Skype, Snapchat or WhatsApp?
• At the shops. When buying a couple of items, ask them to work out how much they will cost together. As a challenge for older children, ask them to estimate what the weekly shop will come to.
• Use pocket money as an opportunity to talk about maths – are they saving for anything? How much do they need to save each week to buy it?
• Work out offers in supermarkets together. Ask them to work out which are the best deals.
• When travellng, ask your child to help you work out whether it's cheaper to drive or take public transport. Are there any deals you can get on public transport?
• Talk to them about getting a bank account. Look together at what's on offer for young people opening their first account and see which is the best deal.

Games

Games are a great way to both engage children and get them to use their mathematical skills. Some ideas for maths use at home with games include:

• Play with cards. Take 2 cards and add the numbers together, the player with the highest number wins. Try it with subtraction, multiplication, and division too.
• Get them to design a tree house, clothes or car or whatever they're interested in. Ask them to work out the right measurements.
• Play board games like Connect 4, Jenga, Monopoly, Scrabble or Dominos.
• Ask your child to design their own board game and dice. Play the game together and talk about the mathematical thinking, reasoning, or problem solving the game used.

Whether attending sporting events, walking around the local area or in the car, opportunities abound for teaching maths:

• When travelling somewhere familiar, ask your child to give you directions and timings, then test their directions out. If they get something wrong, ask them to think of the best way to get back to where you want to go.
• Look for patterns and symmetry when out and about.
• Sports are the perfect chance to think about speed, scores, time and angles. Get competitive; try out different angles to score from, ask them how many star jumps can they do in a minute.
• Explore the local area. Ask them to guess how many people live in your town, how far is the nearest airport is etc. Ask for the reasons behind their answer and check the answers online.
• Estimation. For example ask them to think about how they can estimate how many bricks were used to build a local landmark.
• Hobbies. Ask them to talk about the maths they have come across in the favourite hobby.
• Journeys. Ask them questions like how many miles or kilometres have we travelled, how many are left and what time should we get to our destination.

Books, movies and TV

• How did the 'clock' work in the Hunger Games: Catching Fire by Suzanne Collins?
• How long does it take Alex Rider to solve his missions in the series by Anthony Horowitz?
• How many votes are being cast on X Factor or Strictly Come Dancing?

By discussing the maths found in books, TV and film, children see how maths is used all the time.

As you can see, there are loads of ways that parents can help their children with maths. And the great news is that these are all free, so no need to go down to your local bookstore and buy a book about maths. Make them aware that maths is all around them and there maths will develop with this.