Spanish to English Dictionary: 5000 Most Common Words

This ordered dictionary of the most common 5,000 Spanish words was created because I needed a word list of the most frequent used words & verbs in Spanish, to help me learn Spanish in the shortest amount of time possible.

Using a memory palace with loci for each of the starting two letters of each spanish word, as described here is a great way of doing this. By only studying the words you will actually use, it is possible to gain a good grasp of a language in a short amount of time.

This word lists includes the most frequently used words, most frequently used nouns, verbs, adjectives, prepositions and numbers.

Spanish PoS English
a prep to, at
abajo adv down, below, downward
abandonado adj abandoned
abandonar v to abandon, leave (a place)
abandono nm abandonment, desertion
abarcar v to encompass, comprise
abierto adj open, unlocked
abismo nm abyss, large gap
abogado nm/f lawyer
abordar v to board, get in/on
aborto nm abortion
abrazar v to hug, embrace
abrazo nm hug, embrace
abrigo nm overcoat, shelter
abril nm April
abrir v to open
absolutamente adv absolutely, completely
absoluto adj absolute
absorber v to absorb, soak up
abstracto adj abstract
absurdo adj absurd
abuela nf grandmother
abuelo nm grandfather
abundancia nf abundance
abundante adj abundant, plentiful
abundar v to be plentiful
aburrido adj boring, bored
aburrir v to bore, tire
abusar v to abuse
abuso nm abuse, misuse
acá adv here, around here
acabar v a. de V: to have just Ved, finish
academia nf academy
académico adj academic
acariciar v to stroke, fondle, caress
acaso adv by chance, maybe
acceder v to consent, agree, accede
accesible adj accessible
acceso nm access, entry
accidente nm accident, irregularity
acción nf action, act, deed
aceite nm oil
acelerar v to accelerate, speed (up)
acento nm accent, stress
acentuar v to accent, stress
aceptable adj acceptable, suitable
aceptación nf acceptance, approval
aceptar v to accept
acera nf sidewalk
acerca prep about, concerning
acercar v to come near
acero nm steel
acertar v to get right
ácido nm acid
aclarar v to clarify, clear up
acoger v to welcome, accept
acomodar v to be/make comfortable
acompañar v to accompany
aconsejar v to advise, counsel
acontecer v to happen, come about
acontecimiento nm event, happening
acordar v to remember, remind
acorde nm agreement, accord
acostar v to put/go to bed
acostumbrar v to be accustomed to
acta nf (el) (meeting) proceedings, minutes
actitud nf attitude
activar v to activate, stimulate
actividad nf activity, action
activo adj active
acto nm act, action
actor nm actor
actriz nf actress
actuación nf performance, acting
actual adj current
actualidad nf present (time)
actualización nf update, modernization
actualizar v to update
actualmente adv now, at present
actuar v to act
acudir v to attend, go to, frequent
acuerdo nm accord, de a.: in agreement
acumulación nf accumulation
acumular v to accumulate, amass
acusación nf accusation, charge
acusado nm/f defendant, accused
acusar v to accuse
adaptación nf adaptation
adaptar v to adapt
adecuado adj adequate, suitable
adelantar v to move forward
adelante adv forward, further
ademán nm gesture, expression
además adv also, as well, besides
adentro adv inside
adherir v to adhere, attach
adicional adj additional
adiós interj goodbye
adivinar v to guess, solve
administración nf administration
administrador nm/f administrator, manager
administrar v to administer, manage
administrativo adj administrative
admirable adj admirable
admiración nf admiration
admirar v to admire
admitir v to admit
adolescencia nf adolescence
adolescente nc adolescent
adónde adv to where?
adopción nf adoption
adoptar v to adopt
adorar v to worship, adore
adornar v to adorn, to decorate
adorno nm decoration, adornment
adquirir v to acquire, get
adquisición nf acquisition
adulto nm adult, grown-up
adversario nm adversary
advertencia nf warning, notice
advertir v to notice, warn
aéreo adj aerial, air
aeropuerto nm airport
afán nm eagerness, zeal, effort
afectar v to affect
afecto nm affection, fondness
aferrar v to grasp, clutch
afición nf fondness, interest
aficionado nm fan, devotee
afilar v to sharpen
afirmación nf statement, assertion
afirmar v to assert, affirm
aflojar v to loosen
afortunadamente adv luckily, fortunately
africano adj African
afrontar v to face, confront
afuera adv outside
agachar v to duck, bend down
agarrar v to grasp, catch
agencia nf agency, branch
agenda nf diary, agenda, schedule
agente nc agent
agitar v to shake, move
agosto nm August
agotar v to exhaust, wear out, run out
agradable adj nice, pleasant
agradar v to please
agradecer v to thank for
agradecido adj grateful, thankful
agrario adj agrarian, agricultural
agravar v to aggravate
agregar v to add, gather
agresión nf aggression, attack
agresivo adj aggressive
agrícola adj agricultural, farming
agricultor nm/f farmer
agricultura nf agriculture, farming
agrupación nf group, association
agrupar v to (put in) group
agua nf (el) water
aguantar v to endure, put up with
aguardar v to wait for, await
agudo adj sharp, acute
aguja nf needle, spire, stylus
agujero nm hole, opening
ahí adv there
ahogar v to drown, choke, flood
ahora adv now
ahorita adv right now, in a minute
ahorrar v to save (money, time)
ahorro nm saving, thrift
aire nm air, wind, appearance
aislado adj isolated
aislamiento nm isolation
aislar v to isolate, insulate
ajedrez nm chess
ajeno adj not belonging to, detached
ajustar v to adjust, tighten
ajuste nm adustment, settlement
ala nf (el) wing, flank
alambre nm wire
alarma nf alarm
alarmar v to alarm
alba nf (el) dawn, daybreak
albergar v to lodge, harbor
alcalde nm mayor
alcance nm reach, scope
alcanzar v to reach, catch up with
alcohol nm alcohol
aldea nf small village
alegar v to plead, argue
alegrar v to be/make happy
alegre adj happy, lively, cheerful
alegría nf joy, happiness
alejar v to move away
alemán adj German
alentar v to encourage
alerta nf alert
alertar v to alert, warn
alfombra nf rug, carpet, mat
algo pron something, somewhat
algodón nm cotton
alguien pron somebody, someone, anyone
alguno adj some, a few
aliado nm ally
alianza nf alliance
aliento nm breath, courage, spirit
alimentación nf feeding, food
alimentar v to feed, support
alimentario adj food
alimento nm food, nourishment
aliviar v to lighten, relieve, comfort
alivio nm relief, unburdening
allá adv there, over there
allí adv there, over there
alma nf (el) soul
almacén nm warehouse, store
almacenar v to store, keep
almohada nf pillow
almorzar v to have lunch
almuerzo nm lunch
alojar v to host, accommodate
alquilar v to rent, hire
alquiler nm rent, rental
alrededor nm surrounding area, vicinity
alrededor adv about, around, round
altamente adv highly
altar nm altar
alteración nf alteration, change
alterar v to alter, modify
alternar v to alternate
alternativa nf alternative
alternativo adj alternating, alternative
alto adj tall, high
altura nf height, altitude
aludir v to allude to
alumno nm student, pupil
alusión nf allusion, hint
alzar v to life, raise
ama nc housekeeper, housewife
amable adj kind, nice, friendly
amanecer nm daybreak, dawn
amanecer v to dawn, become light
amante nc lover
amar v to love
amargo adj bitter, sour, painful
amargura nf bitterness, sorrow
amarillento adj yellowish
amarillo adj yellow
amarrar v to tie, fasten
ambición nf ambition
ambicioso adj ambitious, greedy
ambiental adj environmental
ambiente nm environment, atmosphere
ámbito nm sphere, space
ambos adj both
amenaza nf threat
amenazar v to threaten
americano adj American
amiga nf friend (f)
amigo nm friend
amistad nf friendship
amo nm master, boss (m)
amontonar v to gather, accumulate
amor nm love
amoroso adj loving, affectionate
amparar v to protect, shelter
amparo nm protection, shelter
ampliación nf enlargement, extension
ampliamente adv widely
ampliar v to enlarge, increase, expand
amplio adj wide, ample, broad
añadir v to add
análisis nm analysis
analista nc analyst
analizar v to analyze
ancho adj wide
ancho nm width
anciano nm/f old person
andaluz adj Andalusian
andar v to walk, function
andino adj Andean
anécdota nf anecdote
ángel nm angel
ángulo nm angle
angustia nf anguish, distress
anhelo nm longing, yearning
anillo nm (finger) ring
animado adj excited, lively
animal nm animal
animar v to cheer up
ánimo nm zest, spirit, heart
aniversario nm anniversary
año nm year
anoche adv last night
anónimo adj anonymous
anotar v to annotate, jot, note
ansia nf (el) anxiety, anguish
ansiedad nf anxiety
ansioso adj anxious, eager
ante prep before, in the presence of
antecedente nm antecedent
antemano adv beforehand, in advance
antena nf antenna
anteojo nm telescope, eyeglasses
antepasado nm ancestor
anterior adj previous, preceding
anteriormente adv previously
antes adv before
anticipar v to anticipate, advance
antigüedad nf antiquity, seniority
antiguo adj old, ancient, former
anual adj annual, yearly
anular v to annul, cancel
anunciar v to announce, advertise
anuncio nm advertisement, announcement
apagado adj turned off
apagar v to turn off, extinguish
aparato nm apparatus, device
aparecer v to appear
aparente adj apparent
aparentemente adv apparently
aparición nf appearance, apparition
apariencia nf appearance, aspect
apartamento nm apartment
apartar v to move away, separate
aparte adv apart, aside, separately
apasionar v to inspire, be passionate about
apelar v to call upon, appeal to
apellido nm last name
apenas adv hardly, barely
apertura nf opening, beginning
apetito nm appetite
aplastar v to flatten, crush, smash
aplaudir v to clap, applaud
aplauso nm applause, praise, acclaim
aplicación nf application
aplicado adj applied
aplicar v to apply
apoderar v to take power
aportación nf contribution, support
aportar v to provide, contribute
aporte nm contribution
apostar v to wager, bet
apóstol nm apostle
apoyar v to support, lean on
apoyo nm support, backing
apreciar v to appreciate
aprender v to learn
aprendizaje nm learning, apprenticeship
apresurar v to hurry up, speed up
apretado adj tight, jammed
apretar v to squeeze, tighten, compress
aprobación nf approval, consent
aprobar v to pass (test), approve
apropiado adj appropriate
aprovechar v to take advantage of
aproximadamente adv approximately
aproximar v to come near, closer
apto adj appropriate, fit, able
apuesta nf wager, bet
apuntar v to point, note, aim
apunte nm note, annotation
apurar v to speed up, hurry up
apuro nm trouble, predicament
aquel adj that (over there)
aquél pron that one over there (m)
aquello pron that over there (n)
aquí adv here
árabe adj Arab
araña nf spider
árbitro nm/f umpire, referee
árbol nm tree
archivo nm archive, file, filing cabinet
arco nm arch, arc, bow
arder v to burn, glow
ardiente adj passionate, ardent
área nf (el) area, zone
arena nf sand
argentino adj Argentine
argumentar v to argue, deduce
argumento nm argument, plot
arma nf (el) weapon
armado adj armed
armar v to arm, put together
armario nm closet, cupboard
armonía nf harmony
aroma nm aroma
arqueológico adj archaeological, archeological
arquitecto nm/f architect
arquitectónico adj architectural
arquitectura nf architecture
arrancar v to start (machine), uproot
arrastrar v to drag, pull
arrebatar v to snatch, grab
arreglar v to fix, arrange
arreglo nm arrangement
arrepentir v to repent, regret
arriba adv up, above
arriesgar v to risk, venture
arrodillar v to kneel
arrojar v to throw, fling
arroyo nm brook, stream, gutter
arroz nm rice
arruga nf wrinkle
arrugado adj wrinkled, creased
arrugar v to wrinkle, crumple
arruinar v to ruin, destroy
arte nm art, skill
artesano nm/f artisan, craftsman
articulación nf articulation, joint
articular v to articulate
artículo nm article, product, item
artificial adj artificial
artista nc artist, performer
artístico adj artistic
asaltar v to assault
asalto nm assault, robbery
asamblea nf assembly
ascender v to ascend, be promoted
ascenso nm promotion, climb
ascensor nm elevator
asco nm disgust
asegurar v to assure, secure, insure
asentamiento nf settlement, colony
asentar v to settle, establish, locate
asentir v to assent, agree
asesinar v to murder, assassinate
asesinato nm murder, assassination
asesino nm killer, assassin
asesor nm/f adviser, consultant
así adv like that
asiático adj Asian, Asiatic,
asiento nm seat, chair
asignar v to assign, allocate
asignatura nf subject, course
asimilar v to assimilate
asimismo adv as well, also, moreover
asistencia nf attendance, assistance
asistente nc assistant
asistir v to attend
asociación nf association
asociado adj associated
asociar v to associate with
asomar v to appear, show, stick (out)
asombrar v to amaze, astound
asombro nm amazement, astonishment
asombroso adj amazing
aspecto nm aspect, appearance
áspero adj rough, coarse, harsh
aspiración nf ambition, aspiration
aspirante nc candidate, applicant
aspirar v to aspire, want
asumir v to assume, take on
asunto nm matter, issue, affair
asustado adj scared, frightened
asustar v to frighten, scare
atacar v to attack
ataque nm attack, raid
atar v to tie (up)
atardecer nm evening, dusk
ataúd nm coffin, casket
atención nf attention
atender v to serve, attend to
atentado nm (terrorist) attack, offence
atentar v to attack, attempt, threaten
atento adj attentive, polite
atleta nc athlete
atmósfera nf atmosphere, environment
atómico adj atomic, nuclear
átomo nm atom
atormentar v to torture, torment
atracción nf attraction
atractivo adj attractive
atraer v to attract
atrapar v to trap, catch
atrás adv back, behind, ago
atravesar v to cross
atrever v to dare
atribuir v to attribute
atributo nm attribute, quality
audiencia nf audience, hearing
auditorio nm hearing, auditorium
auge nm peak, boom
aula nf (el) classroom
aumentar v to increase
aumento nm increase, rise
aun adv even (though), still
aún adv still, yet
aunque conj although, even though
ausencia nf absence
auténtico adj authentic
auto nm auto, car
autobús nm bus
automáticamente adv automatically
automático adj automatic
automóvil nm automobile
autonomía nf autonomy, range
autónomo adj autonomous
autor nm/f writer, author
autoridad nf authority
autorización nf authorization
autorizado adj authorized
autorizar v to authorize, legalize
auxiliar nm/f aide, auxiliary
auxilio nm help, aid, assistance
avance nm advance, progress
avanzado adj advanced
avanzar v to advance, progress
ave nm bird
avenida nf avenue
aventura nf adventure
avergonzar v to embarrass, shame
averiguar v to investigate, find out
avión nm plane, airplane, aircraft
avisar v to inform, announce
aviso nm warning
ay interj oh no!, oh my!
ayer adv yesterday
ayuda nf help, aid
ayudante nc helper, assistant
ayudar v to help
ayuntamiento nm city council, town hall
azar nm random, chance, hazard
azúcar nm sugar
azul adj blue
bachillerato nm academic degree
bacteria nf germ, bacteria
bahía nf bay
bailar v to dance
bailarín nm/f dancer
baile nm dance, ball
bajar v to come down, let down
bajo prep under, underneath
bajo adj short, low
bala nf bullet, shot
balance nm outcome, balance
balcón nm balcony
ballet nm ballet
balón nm ball
bañar v to bathe, take a bath
banca nf bank, banking
bancario adj bank, banking
banco nm (financial) bank, bench
banda nf (musical) band, sash
bandeja nf tray
bandera nf flag
bando nm faction, side
baño nm bathroom, bath, swim
bar nm (snack) bar, café
barato adj inexpensive
barba nf beard
barbaridad nf atrocity
bárbaro adj savage, horrible
barco nm boat, ship
barra nf bar, rod, rail
barrer v sweep, clean out
barrera nf barrier, obstacle
barrio nm neighborhood, district
barro nm clay, mud
barroco adj baroque, elaborate
basar v to base on, base upon
base nf base, basis
básicamente adv basically
básico adj basic, essential
bastante adj rather, fairly, quite a bit (ADV)
bastar v to be sufficient
basura nf garbage, rubbish
batalla nf battle
batería nf battery, gun deck
batir v to beat (object)
bautizar v to baptize, christen
bebé nc baby
beber v to drink
bebida nf drink, beverage
beca nf scholarship, grant
belleza nf beauty
bello adj beautiful, fine
bendecir v to bless, thank
bendición nf blessing, benediction
beneficiar v to benefit
beneficio nm benefit, profit
besar v to kiss
beso nm kiss
bestia nf beast, brute
biblia nf Bible
bíblico adj biblical
biblioteca nf library
bicho nm bug, creature
bicicleta nf bicycle
bien adv well
bien nm goods, property, benefit
bienes nm goods, property
bienestar nm well-being, welfare
bienvenida nf welcome, greeting
bienvenido adj welcome
bigote nm mustache
billete nm ticket, bill, note
biografía nf biography
biología nf biology
biológico adj biological
blanco adj white
blando adj soft, limp, gentle
blog nm blog
bloque nm block
bloquear v to block, obstruct
bloqueo nm blockade, block
boca nf mouth, entrance, opening
boda nf marriage, wedding
bodega nf cellar, pantry, warehouse
bola nf ball, sphere
boliviano adj Bolivian
bolsa nf bag, purse, stock exchange
bolsillo nm pocket
bolso nm bag, purse
bomba nf bomb, explosion, pump
bombero nm/f firefighter
bondad nf goodness, kindness
bonito adj pretty, nice
bono nm bond, certificate, voucher
bordar v to embroider
borde nm edge
borracho adj drunk
borrar v to erase
bosque nm forest
bota nf boot, wineskin
bote nm boat, container
botella nf bottle, flask
botón nm button
bóveda nf vault, dome
brasileño adj Brazilian
bravo adj fierce, angry
brazo nm arm
breve adj brief, short
brillante adj brilliant, shiny, sparkling
brillar v to shine, twinkle, be outstanding
brillo nm shine, twinkling, sparkle
brindar v to offer
brisa nf breeze, air
británico adj British
broma nf joke
bronce nm bronze
brotar v to sprout
bruja nf witch, hag
brusco adj brusque, abrupt, sudden
brutal adj brutal, savage
bruto adj brutal, coarse, clumsy
bueno adv well . . .
bueno adj good
buey nm ox
bulto nm bulk, shape
buque nm ship, vessel, hull
burbuja nf bubble
burla nf mockery, joke, trick
burlar v to mock
burro nm donkey
busca nf search, hunt
buscar v to look for
búsqueda nf search
caballero nm gentleman, knight
caballo nm horse
cabecera nf head, header
cabellera nf hair
cabello nm hair
caber v to fit (into)
cabeza nf head (part of body)
cable nm cable, wiring
cabo nm end, bit, llevar a c.: to carry out
cada adj each, every
cadáver nm corpse, body
cadena nf chain
cadera nf hip
caer v to fall
café nm coffee, cafe
cagar v to dirty, crap
caída nf fall, drop, falling
caja nf bank, box, safe
cajón nm drawer
calcular v to calculate, figure out
cálculo nm calculation, calculus
calendario nm calendar
calentar v to warm, heat
calidad nf quality
cálido adj warm
caliente adj hot, warm, spirited
calificación nf evaluation, qualification
calificar v to grade, rate, qualify
callado adj quiet, reserved
callar v to be/make quiet
calle nf street
calma nf calm, lull
calmar v to calm, soothe, relieve
calor nm heat, warmth
calzar v to wear (shoes)
cama nf bed (furniture)
cámara nf camera, chamber
cambiar v to change
cambio nm change, en c: instead
caminar v to walk
camino nm road, route, path
camión nm truck, van, tanker
camioneta nf van, bus
camisa nf shirt
camiseta nf T-shirt
campamento nm camp, camping
campana nf bell
campaña nf campaign
campeón nm/f champion
campeonato nm championship
campesino nm/f peasant, farmer
campo nm field, country
caña nf cane, reed
canadiense adj Canadian
canal nm channel, canal
cancelar v to cancel
cáncer nm cancer
cancha nf playing field, court
canciller nm/f chancellor, ambassador
canción nf song
candidato nm candidate
candidatura nf candidacy
cañón nm canyon, cannon
cansado adj tired, tiresome
cansancio nm tiredness, weariness
cansar v to tire, annoy
cantante nc singer
cantar v to sing
cantidad nf quantity, amount
canto nm singing, chant
caos nm chaos
capa nf layer, coat
capacidad nf capacity
capacitación nf training
capacitar v to qualify, prepare
capaz adj capable, able
capilla nf chapel
capital nmf capital, city (f), money (m)
capitalismo nm capitalism
capitalista adj capitalist
capitán nm captain, chief
capítulo nm chapter
capricho nm caprice, whim
captar v to capture, attract
captura nf capture, snapshot, screenshot
capturar v to capture
cara nf face, expression
caracol nf snail, shell
carácter nm personality, nature
característica nf characteristic, aspect
característico adj characteristic
caracterizar v to characterize, portray
carbón nm coal, charcoal
carbono nm carbon, coal
carcajada nf hearty laughter, guffaw
cárcel nf jail, prison
cardenal nm cardinal
carecer v to be without
carencia nf lack, shortage
carga nf load, charge, cargo
cargar v to load (up), carry
cargo nm position, charge, fee
caricia nf caress, stroke
caridad nf charity
cariño nm love, affection
cariñoso adj affectionate
carnaval nm carnival
carne nf meat, flesh
caro adj expensive, difficult, dear
carpeta nf folder, file
carrera nf career, course, race
carreta nf cart, wagon
carretera nf highway, road
carro nm car, cart
carta nf letter, (playing) card
cartel nm poster
cartera nf wallet, satchel
cartón nm cardboard, carton, sketch
casa nf house
casado adj married
casar v to marry
casco nm helmet
casero adj homemade
casi adv almost, nearly
casita nf cottage
caso nm case, occasion
castellano adj Castilian, Spanish
castigar v to punish
castigo nm punishment, penalty
castillo nm castle
casualidad nf chance, coincidence
catalán adj Catalan
catálogo nm catalog
catástrofe nf catastrophe
cátedra nf academic chair
catedral nf cathedral
categoría nf category
católico adj Catholic
catorce num fourteen
cauce nm (river) bed, ditch
causa nf cause
causar v to cause, bring about
caza nf hunting (game)
cazador nm/f hunter
cazar v to hunt
ceder v to give way, yield
ceja nf eyebrow, brow
celda nf cell
celebración nf celebration
celebrado adj celebrated, famous
celebrar v to celebrate
célebre adj famous, renowned
celeste adj heavenly, sky-blue
celo nm jealousy, zeal
célula nf cell (biology)
cementerio nm cemetery, graveyard
cemento nm cement, concrete
cena nf dinner
cenar v to dine
ceniza nf ash
censura nf censorship, criticism
centavo nm cent
centenar nm hundred
centímetro nm centimeter
central adj central
centrar v to center, focus, base (on)
centro nm center, middle, downtown
cerámica nf ceramics, pottery
cerca adv close, near
cercanía nf nearness, proximity
cercano adj near
cerdo nm pig, sow, slob
cerebral adj cerebral
cerebro nm brain
ceremonia nf ceremony
cero num zero, naught, nil
cerrado adj closed
cerrar v to close
cerro nm hill
certeza nf certainty
certificado nm certificate
cerveza nf beer, ale
cesar v to cease, stop
chaqueta nf jacket
charco nm pool, puddle
charla nf talk, chat
charlar v to chat, talk
cheque nm check
chica nf girl, female
chico nm boy
chileno adj Chilean
chimenea nf chimney, fireplace
chino adj Chinese
chiquillo nm kid, youngster
chiquito adj tiny
chispa nf spark
chiste nm joke, funny story
chocar v to crash into, collide with
chocolate nm chocolate
choque nm crash, collision
chorro nm stream, jet, spurt
chupar v to suck
cicatriz nf scar
ciclo nm cycle
ciego adj blind
cielo nm sky, heaven, ceiling
ciencia nf science, knowledge
científico adj scientific
científico nm/f scientist
ciento num hundred
cierre nm zipper, closing
ciertamente adv certainly, indeed
cierto adj certain, sure, true
cifra nf figure, number, amount
cigarrillo nm cigarette
cigarro nm cigarette, cigar
cima nf summit, peak, top
cinco num five
cincuenta num fifty
cine nm cinema, US movie theater
cinematográfico adj cinematic
cinta nf tape, ribbon, film, strip
cintura nf waist
cinturón nm belt
circo nm circus
circuito nm circuit, circumference, track
circulación nf circulation, traffic
circular v to circulate, go around, flow
círculo nm circle, club
circunstancia nf circumstance
cirugía nf surgery
cita nf appointment, date, quotation
citar v to cite, quote
ciudad nf city
ciudadanía nf citizenship, citizens
ciudadano nm/f citizen
cívico adj civic, civil
civil adj civil
civilización nf civilization
claramente adv clearly
claridad nf clearness, clarity
claro adj clear
claro adv of course, clearly
clase nf kind, class, order
clásico adj classic
clasificación nf classification
clasificar v to classify, sort, file
clavar v to nail
clave nf key
clavo nm nail, tack, peg
clic nm click
cliente nc client, customer
clima nm climate
climático adj climatic
clínica nf clinic
clínico adj clinical
club nm club, society
coalición nf coalition
cobertura nf coverage
cobrar v to charge (money)
cobre nm copper
coca nf cocaine, coke
coche nm car, carriage
cocina nf kitchen
cocinar v to cook
coco nm coconut
código nm code
codo nm elbow
coger v to hold, take, catch
coherente adj coherent, connected
coincidencia nf coincidence
coincidir v to coincide, agree
cola nf line, queue, tail
colaboración nf collaboration
colaborador nm/f collaborator
colaborar v to collaborate, work together
colar v to slip in [se]
colchón nm mattress
colección nf collection
colectivo adj collective, joint
colectivo nm collective, group
colega nc colleague
colegio nm (high) school, college
colgado adj hanging
colgar v to hang (up)
colina nf hill, slope
collar nm collar, necklace
colmo nm climax, para c.: to top it all
colocar v to place, position
colombiano adj Colombian
colonia nf colony, cologne
colonial adj colonial
color nm color
colorado adj red, colored
columna nf column, spine
comandante nc commander, commanding officer
comando nm command, order
combate nm combat, battle, fight
combatir v to fight against
combinación nf combination
combinar v to combine
combustible nm fuel
comedia nf comedy, play, pretense
comedor nm dining room
comentar v to comment on
comentario nm remark, comment
comenzar v to begin, start
comer v to eat
comercial adj commercial, shopping
comerciante nc merchant, businessperson
comercio nm commerce, trade
cometer v to commit
cómico adj comic
comida nf food, meal
comienzo nm start, beginning
comisaría nf police station
comisario nm commissioner, delegate
comisión nf commission, committee
comité nm committee, commission
como conj like, as
cómo adv how?
comodidad nf comfort, convenience
cómodo adj comfortable, convenient
compacto adj compact, dense
compañero nm/f companion, classmate
compañía nf company
comparación nf comparison
comparar v to compare
compartir v to share
compás nm rhythm, time, compass
compasión nf compassion
compatriota nc fellow countryman
compensación nf compensation
compensar v to compensate, make up for
competencia nf competition, contest
competente adj competent, able
competición nf competition, contest
competir v to compete
competitivo adj competitive
complacer v to please, satisfy
complejidad nf complexity
complejo adj complex, complicated
complejo nm complex
complementar v to complement, supplement
complementario adj additional, complementary
complemento nm complement, supplement
completamente adv completely
completar v to complete
completo adj complete
complicación nf complication
complicado adj complicated, complex
complicar v to complicate, make difficult
cómplice nc accomplice
complicidad nf involvement, complicity
componente nm component, ingredient
componer v to compose, be part of
comportamiento nm behavior, conduct
comportar v to behave
composición nf composition, makeup, essay
compositor nm/f composer
compra nf shopping, buy, purchase
comprador nm buyer
comprar v to buy
comprender v to understand
comprensión nf understanding
comprobar v to verify, prove
comprometer v to compromise
comprometido adj committed, engaged
compromiso nm compromise, engagement
compuesto adj composite, mixed
computadora nf computer
común adj common
comunicación nf communication
comunicado nm statement, announcement
comunicar v to communicate
comunidad nf community
comunión nf communion
comunismo nm communism
comunista adj Communist
comunitario adj of the community
con prep with
concebir v to conceive, understand
conceder v to grant, concede
concentración nf concentration, gathering
concentrar v to concentrate
concepción nf conception
concepto nm concept
concesión nf awarding, concession
concha nf shell
conciencia nf conscience, consciousness
concierto nm concert, concerto
concluir v to conclude, finish
conclusión nf conclusion, end
concretamente adv specifically, exactly
concretar v to materialize, fulfill
concreto adj concrete, real
concurrir v to coincide, concur, meet
concurso nm competition, gathering
conde nm count
condena nf sentence (in prison), penalty
condenar v to convict, condemn
condición nf condition
condicionar v to condition, determine
conducir v to lead, drive
conducta nf conduct, behavior
conductor nm/f driver, conductor
conectar v to connect, plug in
conejo nm rabbit
conexión nf connection, relationship
confederación nf confederation, alliance
conferencia nf conference, lecture
confesar v to confess, admit
confesión nf confession, admission
confianza nf confidence, trust
confiar v to trust, confide
configuración nf configuration, shape
configurar v to make up, comprise
confirmar v to confirm
conflicto nm conflict
conformar v to conform
conforme prep in agreement with
confundir v to confuse
confusión nf confusion
confuso adj confused, mixed up
congelar v to freeze
congregación nf congregation
congreso nm congress
conjunto nm group, set
conllevar v to involve, bring
conmigo pron with me
conmover v to move, affect
conocer v to know (someone or place)
conocido adj known, well-known
conocimiento nm knowledge
conquista nf conquest
conquistar v to conquer, win (over)
consagrar v to consecrate, establish
consciente adj conscious, aware
consecuencia nf consequence
consecutivo adj consecutive
conseguir v to get, acquire, obtain
consejero nm/f advisor, counselor
consejo nm advice, council, counsel
consenso nm consensus, consent
consentir v to consent to, pamper
conservación nf conservation
conservador adj conservative
conservar v to conserve, preserve
considerable adj considerable
consideración nf consideration, regard
considerar v to consider
consigna nf watchword, motto, slogan
consiguiente conj por c.: consequently
consistir v to consist of
consola nf console
consolar v to console
consolidar v to consolidate
constancia nf perseverance
constante adj constant
constantemente adv constantly
constar v to consist of, comprise
constatar v to prove, verify
constitución nf constitution
constitucional adj constitutional
constituir v to constitute, consist of
construcción nf construction
constructor nm/f builder, construction
construir v to construct, build
consuelo nm comfort, consolation
consulta nf consultation, advice
consultar v to consult
consumidor nm consumer
consumir v to consume, take in
consumo nm consumption
contactar v to reach, contact
contacto nm contact
contagiar v to infect, infest
contaminación nf contamination, pollution
contaminar v to contaminate, pollute
contar v to tell, count
contemplar v to contemplate
contemporáneo adj contemporary
contener v to contain
contenido nm contents, content
contento adj happy, content
contestar v to answer, reply
contexto nm context
contigo pron with you
continental adj continental
continente nm continent
continuación nf continuation, follow-up
continuamente adv continuously
continuar v to continue
continuidad nf continuity
continuo adj continuous
contorno nm outline, perimeter, edge
contra prep against, opposite
contradicción nf contradiction
contradictorio adj contradictory
contraer v to contract, shrink, abbreviate
contrario adj contrary, opposite
contrastar v to contrast
contraste nm contrast
contratación nf hiring, recruitment
contratar v to hire, contract
contrato nm contract, agreement
contribución nf contribution
contribuir v to contribute
control nm control
controlar v to control
controversia nf controversy
contundente adj decisive, blunt, forceful
convencer v to convince, persuade
convención nf convention, assembly
convencional adj conventional
conveniencia nf convenience, usefulness
conveniente adj convenient
convenio nm agreement
convenir v to be agreeable, be convenient
convento nm convent, monastery
conversación nf conversation
conversar v to converse, talk
conversión nf conversion, change
convertir v to convert, change, become
convicción nf conviction
convivencia nf coexistence, living together
convivir v to coexist
convocar v to convene, summon
convocatoria nf call, summons
cooperación nf cooperation
cooperativa nf cooperative, co-op
coordinación nf coordination
coordinador nm/f coordinator, organizer
coordinar v to coordinate
copa nf cup, glass, top (tree)
copia nf copy
copiar v to copy
coraje nm courage, toughness
corazón nm heart, core
corbata nf tie, sash
cordillera nf mountain range
cordón nm cord, yarn, braid
coro nm choir, chorus
corona nf crown
coronar v to crown, top
coronel nm colonel
corporación nf corporation
corporal adj of the body, corporal
corral nm corral, yard
corrección nf correction, amendment
correctamente adv correctly
correcto adj correct, suitable
corredor nm/f broker, corridor, runner
corregir v to correct, rectify
correo nm mail, post (office)
correr v to run
correspondencia nf correspondence, connection
corresponder v to correspond with
correspondiente adj corresponding
corriente nf current, flow
corriente adj current, common
corrupción nf corruption
cortar v to cut
corte nmf court (f), cut (m)
corteza nf bark, crust, rind, peel
cortina nf curtain, screen
corto adj short, brief
cosa nf thing
cosecha nf harvest, crop
coser v to sew
cosita nf little thing
costa nf coast
costado nm side, flank
costar v to cost, be hard
costarricense adj Costa Rican
coste nm cost, price
costero adj coastal
costo nm price, cost, expense
costoso adj costly, expensive
costumbre nf habit, custom, usage
cotidiano adj daily
cráneo nm skull, cranium
creación nf creation
creador nm creator
crear v to create
creatividad nf creativity
creativo adj creative
crecer v to grow, increase
creciente adj growing, increasing
crecimiento nm growth, increase
credibilidad nf credibility
crédito nm credit, reputation
creencia nf belief
creer v to believe, think
crema nf cream
creyente nc believer, follower
cría nf breeding, raising
criar v to bring up, rear
criatura nf creature, child
crimen nm crime, murder
criminal adj criminal
crisis nf crisis
cristal nm glass, crystal, window
cristianismo nm Christianity
cristiano adj Christian
criterio nm criterion
crítica nf criticism, critique
criticar v to criticize
crítico adj critical
crítico nm critic
crónica nf account, chronicle
crónico adj chronic
cruce nm crossing, intersection
crudo adj raw, crude, natural
cruel adj cruel, harsh
crujir v to crunch, creak
cruz nf cross, burden
cruzado adj crossbred, double-breasted, crossed
cruzar v to cross
cuaderno nm notebook, workbook
cuadra nf (city) block
cuadrado adj square
cuadro nm painting, picture
cual pron which, who, whom
cuál pron which?
cualidad nf quality, attribute
cualquiera adj any, anyone
cuando adv when
cuándo adv when?
cuanto adj en c. a: in terms of, regarding
cuánto adj how much?
cuarenta num forty
cuartel nm quarters, barracks
cuarto nm room, chamber
cuarto adj fourth
cuatro num four
cubano adj Cuban
cubierta nf covering, top, lid
cubierto adj covered
cubrir v to cover
cuchillo nm knife
cuello nm neck, collar
cuenca nf socket, basin, bowl
cuenta nf bill, account
cuento nm story, tale
cuerda nf cord, rope
cuerno nm horn, antler
cuero nm leather, skin
cuerpo nm body
cuestión nf question, matter
cuestionar v to question
cueva nf cave
cuidado nm care, carefulness
cuidadosamente adv carefully
cuidar v to take care of
culminar v to culminate, accomplish
culo nm bottom, butt
culpa nf blame, fault
culpable adj guilty
cultivar v to cultivate, produce
cultivo nm cultivation, crop
culto nm worship, cult
culto adj cultured, educated
cultura nf culture
cultural adj cultural
cumbre nf summit, top
cumpleaños nm birthday
cumplimiento nm fulfillment, compliment
cumplir v to fulfill
cuna nf cradle, birth, lineage
cuñado nm/f brother-in-law
cuota nf quota, share, dues
cúpula nf cupola, dome
cura nmf priest (m), cure (f)
curar v to cure
curiosamente adv strangely, funnily enough
curiosidad nf curiosity, quaintness
curioso adj curious, strange
curso nm course, direction
curva nf curve
cuyo pron whose
dado conj d. que: given that
dama nf lady, dame
dañar v to damage
daño nm harm, injury, damage
danza nf dance
dar v to give
datar v to date
dato nm data, fact
de prep of, from
debajo prep underneath, below
debate nm debate
debatir v to debate, discuss
deber v should, ought to, to owe
deber nm duty, obligation
debido adj d. a: due to
débil adj weak
debilidad nf weakness
debilitar v to weaken, debilitate
década nf decade
decadencia nf decline, decay
decena nf ten (of something)
decente adj respectable, decent
decidido adj determined, resolute
decidir v to decide
décimo adj tenth
decir v to tell, say
decisión nf decision
decisivo adj decisive, conclusive
declaración nf declaration, statement
declarar v to declare, testify
decoración nf decoration
decorado adj decorated
decorar v to decorate
decreto nm decree, order
dedicación nf dedication, devotion
dedicar v to dedicate, devote
dedo nm finger, toe, digit
deducir v to deduce, infer
defecto nm defect
defender v to defend, protect
defensa nf defense, plea
defensivo adj defensive
defensor nm/f defender
deficiencia nf deficiency, lack
déficit nm deficit, shortage
definición nf definition
definido adj definite
definir v to define
definitivamente adv definitely, finally
definitivo adj definitive, conclusive
dejar v to let, leave
delante adv (in) front (of), ahead
delegación nf delegation
delegado nm/f delegate, representative
delgado adj thin, skinny
delicado adj delicate
delicioso adj delicious, delightful, charming
delincuente nc delinquent
delirio nm delirium, nonsense
delito nm crime, offense
demanda nf petition, request, demand
demandar v to claim, sue
demás adj the rest, others
demasiado adv too much
democracia nf democracy
democrático adj democratic
demonio nm demon, devil
demorar v to delay, take time
demostración nf demonstration
demostrar v to show, demonstrate
denominación nf name, denomination
denominar v to call, name
densidad nf density, thickness
denso adj heavy, dense, thick
dentro adv inside
denuncia nf accusation
denunciar v to denounce
departamento nm department, apartment
dependencia nf dependence, dependency
depender v to depend on
deporte nm sport
deportivo adj sports, sporty
depositar v to deposit, place, store
depósito nm deposit, sediment
depresión nf depression, slump
derecha nf right, right hand
derecho nm right, justice, law
derecho adj right, straight
derivar v to derive, come (from)
derramar v to shed, pour out
derribar v to knock down, overthrow
derrota nf defeat, loss
derrotar v to defeat, beat
derrumbar v to knock down, demolish
desafiar v to defy, stand up to
desafío nm challenge, provocation
desagradable adj unpleasant
desaparecer v to disappear, vanish
desaparición nf disappearance
desarrollar v to develop
desarrollo nm development
desastre nm disaster
desatar v to untie, unleash, spark off
desayunar v to have breakfast
desayuno nm breakfast
desbordar v to overflow, spill over
descalzo adj barefoot
descansar v to rest
descanso nm rest, interval, break
descarga nf unloading, discharge
descargar v to unleash, unload
descartar v to discard, reject, rule out
descender v to descend
descendiente nc descendant
descenso nm decline, descent, lowering
descifrar v to decipher
desconfianza nf distrust
desconocer v to not know, not recognize
desconocido adj unknown
describir v to describe
descripción nf description
descubrimiento nm discovery
descubrir v to discover
descuidar v to neglect
descuido nm neglect, oversight
desde prep from, since
desear v to want, desire, wish for
desembocar v to flow, lead into
desempeñar v to carry out, fulfill
desempeño nm performance, achievement
desempleo nm unemployment
desencadenar v to unleash, unchain
desenvolver v to clear up, unwrap
deseo nm desire, wish
desesperación nf desperation, exasperation
desesperado adj desperate, hopeless
desesperar v to despair, lose hope
desfile nm parade, line, formation
desgracia nf misfortune, bad luck
desgraciadamente adv unfortunately
deshacer v to undo, destroy, take apart
desierto nm desert
desierto adj deserted, desolate
designar v to designate
desigualdad nf inequality, unevenness
deslizar v to slide, glide, slip
desnudo adj nude, naked
desorden nm disorder, mess
despacho nm office, study
despacio adj slow, slowly
despedida nf goodbye, farewell
despedir v to say goodbye (to), dismiss
despegar v to detach, take off (plane)
despertar v to wake (up), arouse
despierto adj awake
desplazamiento nm movement, removal
desplazar v to replace, move, shift
desplegar v to unfold, deploy
despojar v to deprive, rob
despreciar v to despise, scorn
desprecio nm contempt, disdain
desprender v to detach, release, remove
después adv after
destacar v to emphasize, stand out
destinar v to assign, appoint
destino nm destination, destiny
destrozar v to rip/break into pieces
destrucción nf destruction
destruir v to destroy, ruin
desvanecer v to fade, dispel
desviar v to deviate, divert, change
detallado adj detailed, thorough
detallar v to detail, itemize
detalle nm detail
detectar v to detect
detención nf detention, arrest
detener v to stop, detain
detenido nm/f prisoner, detainee
deteriorar v to deteriorate
deterioro nm deterioration, damage
determinación nf determination
determinado adj determined, fixed
determinar v to determine, decide
detrás adv behind
deuda nf debt
devoción nf devotion
devolver v to return, give back
devorar v to devour, consume
día nm day
diabetes nf diabetes
diablo nm devil
diagnóstico nm diagnosis
dialogar v to confer, talk
diálogo nm dialogue, conversation
diámetro nm diameter
diariamente adv daily
diario nm newspaper
diario adj daily
dibujar v to draw, sketch
dibujo nm drawing, sketch
diccionario nm dictionary
dicho adj aforementioned, said
diciembre nm December
dictador nm dictator
dictadura nf dictatorship
dictar v to dictate, announce
diecinueve num nineteen
dieciocho num eighteen
dieciséis num sixteen
diecisiete num seventeen
diente nm tooth, cog
dieta nf diet
diez num ten
diferencia nf difference
diferenciar v to differentiate, distinguish
diferente adj different, separate
diferir v to differ
difícil adj difficult, hard
difícilmente adv with difficulty
dificultad nf difficulty, obstacle
dificultar v to hinder, obstruct
difundir v to spread (out)
difunto nm/f deceased
difusión nf spread, diffusion
digital adj digital
dignidad nf dignity
digno adj worthy
diluir v to dilute, weaken
dimensión nf dimension, size
diminuto adj diminutive, tiny, minute
dinámica nf dynamics
dinámico adj dynamic
dinastía nf dynasty
dinero nm money
dios nm/f god, divinity
diosa nf goddess
diplomático adj diplomatic
diputado nm/f deputy, member
dirección nf direction, address
directamente adv directly, straight away
directivo nm/f executive, manager
directivo adj managerial, administrative
directo adj direct, straight
director nm/f director, manager, principal
dirigente nc leader, director, manager
dirigir v to direct, manage
disciplina nf discipline, subject
discípulo nm/f disciple
disco nm disc, disk, record
discreto adj discreet, tactful
discriminación nf discrimination
disculpa nf apology, excuse
disculpar v to excuse
discurso nm lecture, discourse, talk
discusión nf discussion, argument
discutir v to argue, discuss
diseñador nm/f designer, stylist
diseñar v to design, develop
diseño nm design
disfrazar v to disguise, hide, conceal
disfrutar v to enjoy
disgusto nm disgust, annoyance
disimular v to disguise, hide, pretend
disminución nf reduction, decrease
disminuir v to decrease, diminish
disolver v to dissolve
disparar v to shoot (at)
disparo nm shot, discharge
dispersar v to disperse, scatter, spread
disponer v to have means, dispose
disponibilidad nf availability
disponible adj available
disposición nf disposal, disposition
dispositivo nm device, mechanism
dispuesto adj willing, ready
disputa nf dispute, argument, quarrel
disputar v to dispute, contest
distancia nf distance
distante adj distant, far, remote
distinción nf distinction
distinguir v to distinguish
distinto adj distinct, different
distraer v to distract
distribución nf distribution
distribuir v to distribute, deliver
distrito nm district, area
diversidad nf diversity, variety
diversión nf fun, entertainment
diverso adj different, various, several
divertido adj funny, amusing
divertir v to amuse, entertain
dividir v to divide
divino adj divine
divisa nf currency, emblem
divisar v to distinguish, perceive
división nf division
divorcio nm divorce
doblar v to bend, turn
doble adj double
doce num twelve
docena nf dozen
docente nc teacher
doctor nm/f doctor
doctrina nf doctrine, teachings
documentación nf documentation
documental adj documentary
documento nm document
dólar nm dollar
doler v to hurt
dolor nm pain, ache, sorrow
doloroso adj painful
doméstico adj domestic
domicilio nm residence, address
dominante adj dominant, prevailing
dominar v to dominate, master
domingo nm Sunday
dominicano adj Dominican
dominio nm power, control
don nm courtesy title (m), Mr., gift
doña nf courtesy title (f), Mrs.
donación nf donation
donar v to donate
donde adv where
dónde adv where?
dorado adj golden, gold-plated
dormir v to sleep
dormitorio nm bedroom, dormitory
dos num two
doscientos num two hundred
dosis nf dose
dotar v to endow, bestow
drama nm drama
dramático adj dramatic
droga nf drug
duda nf doubt
dudar v to (have) doubt
dudoso adj doubtful, dubious
duelo nm grief, affliction
dueña nf landlady, owner (f)
dueño nm owner, landlord (m)
dulce adj sweet
dulce nm candy, sweets
duplicar v to double, duplicate
duque nm duke
duración nf duration, length
durante prep during
durar v to last
dureza nf hardness, toughness
duro adj hard
echar v to throw, cast
eco nm echo, response
ecológico adj ecological, organic
economía nf economy, economics, thriftiness
económicamente adv economically
económico adj economic
economista nm/f economist
ecosistema nm ecosystem
ecuación nf equation
edad nf age
edición nf edition, publication
edificio nm building
editar v to edit, publish, release
editor nm/f editor, publisher
editorial nmf publisher (f), editorial article (m)
editorial adj editorial
educación nf education
educar v to educate
educativo adj educational
efectivamente adv in fact, actually, indeed
efectivo adj effective
efecto nm effect
efectuar v to carry out, cause to happen
eficacia nf efficiency, effectiveness
eficaz adj effective
eficiencia nf efficiency
eficiente adj efficient
eh interj eh
eje nm axis, shaft, crux
ejecución nf performance, execution
ejecutar v to execute, carry out
ejecutivo adj executive
ejecutivo nm executive, manager
ejemplar nm copy, issue
ejemplo nm example
ejercer v to practice, exercise
ejercicio nm exercise, practice
ejército nm army
el/la art the (+m, f)
él pron he, [ellos] them (m)
elaboración nf production
elaborado adj thorough, elaborate
elaborar v to make, develop
elección nf election, choice
electoral adj electoral
electricidad nf electricity
eléctrico adj electric
electrón nm electron
electrónico adj electronic
elegancia nf elegance, style
elegante adj elegant, smart, stylish
elegir v to choose, elect
elemental adj elemental, basic
elemento nm element
elevado adj elevated, high, lofty
elevar v to elevate, raise
eliminación nf elimination
eliminar v to eliminate, exclude
ella pron she, [ellas] them (f)
ello pron it (subj-n)
embajada nf embassy
embajador nm/f ambassador
embarazada adj pregnant
embarazo nm pregnancy
embarcación nf ship, embarkation
embarcar v to embark, load
embargo adv nevertheless
emergencia nf emergency
emerger v to emerge, surface
emigrar v to emigrate
emisión nf broadcast, emission
emisor nm transmitter, emitter
emitir v to emit, give (off)
emoción nf emotion, excitement
emocional adj emotional
emocionar v to move, make/get excited
empapar v to soak, drench
empeñar v [se] to insist on
empeño nm insistence, determination
emperador nm emperor
empezar v to begin, start
empleado nm employee
emplear v to employ
empleo nm work, job, occupation
emprender v to undertake, embark on
empresa nf firm, company, venture
empresarial adj managerial
empresario nm/f manager, entrepreneur
empujar v to push, shove
en prep in, on
enamorar v to fall in love
encabezar v to head, lead (off)
encajar v to insert, fit well
encaje nm lace
encaminar v to head for, guide
encantado adj pleased, delighted
encantar v to be very pleasing to
encanto nm charm, spell
encarar v to face, confront
encargado nm manager, person in charge
encargar v to entrust, [se] take charge of
encargo nm job, order, errand
encender v to turn on
encendido adj turned on, burning
encerrar v to shut (in)
encierro nm confinement, imprisonment
encima adv above, on top, in addition
encoger v to shrink
encontrar v to find
encuentro nm meeting, game, skirmish
encuesta nf poll, survey, inquiry
endurecer v harden, make hard
enemigo nm/f enemy
energético adj energetic
energía nf energy, power
enero nm January
énfasis nm emphasis
enfatizar v to emphasize, stress
enfermar v to become ill
enfermedad nf illness, sickness
enfermero nm/f nurse
enfermo adj ill, sick
enfocar v to focus
enfoque nm focus, approach
enfrentamiento nm confrontation
enfrentar v to confront, face
enfrente adv in front (of)
enfriar v to cool
engañar v to trick, deceive
engaño nm deceit, falsehood, hoax
enlace nm link, connection, bond
enlazar v to link, connect
enloquecer v to madden, derange
enmarcar v to frame
enojar v to anger, annoy
enorme adj enormous, vast
enormemente adv enormously
enredar v to entangle, ensnare
enriquecer v to enrich
ensayar v to test
ensayo nm essay, rehearsal
enseguida adv immediately, at once
enseñanza nf teaching, instruction
enseñar v to teach, show
ente nm entity, being, firm
entender v to understand
entendimiento nm understanding
enterar v to find out [se]
entero adj entire, whole, complete
enterrar v to bury
entidad nf entity
entierro nm burial
entonar v to intone, sing, modulate
entonces adv so, then
entorno nm environment, surroundings
entrabar v to obstruct
entrada nf entrance, admission ticket
entrañas nf insides, bowels
entrar v to enter
entre prep between, among
entrega nf delivery
entregar v to deliver
entrenador nm/f coach, trainer, manager
entrenamiento nm training
entrenar v to train
entretener v to entertain, amuse
entretenimiento nm entertainment
entrever v to glimpse, guess
entrevista nf interview, meeting
entrevistar v to interview
entusiasmar v to fill with enthusiasm, excite
entusiasmo nm enthusiasm
envejecer v to age, grow old
enviar v to send
envidia nf envy
envidiar v to envy
envío nm shipment, delivery
envolver v to wrap
episodio nm episode, incident
época nf time, age, period
equilibrar v to balance
equilibrio nm balance
equipo nm team, equipment, outfit
equivalente nm equivalent
equivaler v to be equivalent, tantamount (to)
equivocar v to be wrong
erguir v to straighten, raise
error nm error, mistake
escala nf scale, ladder, rank
escalera nf stairs, ladder
escalón nm stair, rung,
escándalo nm scandal
escapar v to escape
escasez nf scarcity, shortage
escaso adj scarce, very little
escena nf scene, stage, setting
escenario nm stage, setting, scene
esclavitud nf slavery
esclavo nm/f slave
escoger v to choose
escolar adj school, scholastic
esconder v to hide, conceal
escribir v to write
escrito adj written
escritor nm/f writer
escritorio nm desk, bureau
escritura nf writing, scripture
escuchar v to listen to
escudo nm shield, coat of arms
escuela nf school
escultura nf sculpture, carving
escupir v to spit
escurrir v to drip, drain, trickle
ese adj that (m) [esa (f)]
ése pron that one (m), [ésa (f)]
esencia nf essence
esencial adj essential
esencialmente adv essentially
esfera nf sphere, globe
esforzar v to make an effort, exert oneself
esfuerzo nm effort, endeavor
eso pron that (n)
espacial adj spatial, space
espacio nm space, room
espada nf sword
espalda nf back (body)
español adj Spanish
espantar v to scare, frighten
espanto nm fright, ghost
espantoso adj frightening, dreadful
especial adj special
especialidad nf specialty, specialized field
especialista nc specialist
especializado adj specialized, skilled
especializar v to specialize, major in
especialmente adv especially
especie nf kind, sort, species
específicamente adv specifically
especificar v to specify, itemize
específico adj specific
espectacular adj spectacular
espectáculo nm spectacle, show
espectador nm spectator, onlooker
espectro nm ghost, specter
especulación nf speculation, conjecture
espejo nm mirror, reflection
espera nf wait
esperanza nf hope
esperar v to wait, hope (for), expect
espeso adj thick, dense, stiff
espiar v to spy on
espina nf thorn, spine
espíritu nm spirit, ghost
espiritual adj spiritual
espléndido adj splendid, generous
esplendor nm splendor
espontáneo adj spontaneous
esposa nf wife
esposo nm husband, spouse
espuma nf foam, lather
esquema nm outline, diagram, plan
esquina nf corner
estabilidad nf stability
estable adj stable, steady
establecer v to establish
establecimiento nm establishment
estación nf station, season
estadio nm stadium
estadística nf statistic
estadístico adj statistical
estado nm state, condition, status
estadounidense adj U.S., American
estallar v to break out, explode, start
estancia nf stay, stance, ranch
estar v to be (location, change from norm)
estatal adj state, government-owned
estatua nf statue
estatura nf stature, height
estatuto nm statute
este adj this (m) [esta (f)]
éste pron this one (m), [ésta (f)]
estética nf aesthetics
estético adj esthetic
estilo nm style
estimación nf estimate
estimar v to estimate, hold in esteem
estimular v to stimulate, encourage
estímulo nm stimulus, encouragement
estirar v to stretch, strain
esto pron this (n)
estómago nm stomach
estrategia nf strategy
estratégico adj strategic
estrechar v to tighten, make closer
estrecho adj narrow
estrella nf star
estrellar v to crash
estremecer v to shake, tremble
estrenar v to use for the first time, debut
estreno nm premiere, debut
estrés nm stress
estrictamente adv strictly
estricto adj strict, rigorous
estructura nf structure
estructural adj structural
estudiante nc student
estudiantil adj student
estudiar v to study
estudio nm study, learning
estupendo adj marvelous, stupendous
estupidez nf stupidity, stupid thing
estúpido adj stupid, idiotic
etapa nf stage, period
etcétera n etcetera
eternidad nf eternity
eterno adj eternal
ética nf ethics
ético adj ethical
etiqueta nf label, etiquette
étnico adj ethnic
euro nm euro
europeo adj European
evaluación nf evaluation, assessment
evaluar v to evaluate, assess
evangelio nm gospel
evento nm event
evidencia nf evidence, certainty
evidente adj evident, obvious
evidentemente adv evidently, obviously
evitar v to avoid, prevent
evocar v to evoke, recall
evolución nf evolution, development
evolucionar v to evolve, develop
exactamente adv exactly
exacto adj exact, faithful, true
exagerar v to exaggerate
examen nm examination, exam
examinar v to examine, inspect
exceder v to excel, exceed
excelencia nf excellence
excelente adj excellent
excepción nf exception
excepcional adj exceptional, unusual
excepto prep except (for)
excesivo adj excessive
exceso nm excess
exclamar v to exclaim
excluir v to exclude, reject
exclusivamente adv exclusively
exclusivo adj exclusive
excursión nf excursion
excusa nf excuse
exhibición nf exhibition, showing
exhibir v to exhibit, show off
exigencia nf requirement, demand
exigir v to demand
exilio nm exile
existencia nf existence, life
existente adj existing
existir v to exist
éxito nm success
exitoso adj successful
exótico adj exotic
expandir v to expand
expansión nf expansion, spreading
expectativa nf expectation, hope, prospect
expedición nf expedition
expediente nm dossier, proceedings
experiencia nf experience
experimental adj experimental
experimentar v to experience, experiment
experimento nm experiment
experto nm/f expert
explicación nf explanation
explicar v to explain
exploración nf exploration
explorar v to explore
explosión nf explosion
explotación nf exploitation, cultivation
explotar v to explode, exploit
exponer v to expound, expose
exportación nf export, exportation
exportar v export
exposición nf exhibition, display
expresar v to express
expresión nf expression
expresivo adj expressive
expulsar v to expel, throw out
expulsión nf expulsion, ejection
exquisito adj exquisite, superb
extender v to extend, spread
extensión nf extension, area, expanse
extenso adj extensive, large
exterior adj exterior, outside
externo adj external, outward
extinción nf extinction
extinguir v to extinguish, put out
extra adj extra
extraer v to extract, take out
extrañar v to miss, long for
extranjero nm/f foreigner
extraño adj strange, foreign
extraordinario adj extraordinary, exceptional
extremadamente adv extremely
extremo nm edge, border, end
extremo adj extreme
fábrica nf factory, manufacture
fabricación nf manufacture, production
fabricante nm manufacturer
fabricar v to manufacture
fabuloso adj fabulous, fantastic
facción nf (face) feature, faction
fachada nf façade, front of building
fácil adj easy
facilidad nf ease, facility
facilitar v to facilitate
fácilmente adv easily
factor nm factor, cause, influence
factura nf invoice, bill
facultad nf faculty, ability
falda nf skirt
falla nf flaw, failure
fallar v to fail, miss
fallecer v to pass away (to die)
fallo nm mistake, blunder, fault
falso adj FALSE
falta nf lack, shortage
faltar v to be lacking
fama nf reputation, fame
familia nf family
familiar adj familiar, of the family
familiar nm relative
famoso adj famous, well-known
fantasía nf fantasy, fancy
fantasma nm ghost, phantom
fantástico adj fantastic, unreal
farmacia nf pharmacy, drugstore
fármaco nm drug, medicine
fascinante adj fascinating
fascinar v to fascinate
fase nf phase, stage
fatal adj fateful, deadly, awful
fatiga nf fatigue
fauna nf fauna, wildlife
favor nm favor, benefit
favorable adj favorable, suitable
favorecer v to favor, help
favorito adj favorite
fe nf faith
febrero nm February
fecha nf date, day
federación nf federation
federal adj federal
felicidad nf happiness
felicitar v to congratulate
feliz adj happy, fortunate
femenino adj feminine, female
fenómeno nm phenomenon
feo adj ugly, nasty, rude
feria nf fair, festival
feroz adj ferocious, fierce
ferrocarril nm railway
festejar v to celebrate
festival nm festival
fibra nf fiber, grain
ficción nf fiction
ficha nf index card, chip, token
ficticio adj fictitious
fidelidad nf faithfulness, accuracy
fiebre nf fever, excitement
fiel adj faithful, loyal
fiesta nf party, feast
figura nf figure
figurar v to appear, represent, figure (in)
fijar v to set, fix, [se] notice
fijo adj fixed, steady
fila nf line, row, file
film nm film, movie
filo nm (cutting) edge
filosofía nf philosophy
filosófico adj philosophical
filósofo nm philosopher
filtrar v to seep, filter
filtro nm filter, screening
fin nm end, a f. de: in order to
final nmf al f.: finally, in the end
finalidad nf purpose, aim
finalizar v to end, finalize
finalmente adv finally, at last
financiación nf financing, funding
financiar v to finance
financiero adj financial
finanzas nf treasury, finances
finca nf property, estate
fingir v to feign, pretend
fino adj fine, delicate
firma nf company, signature, signing
firmar v to sign
firme adj firm, steady
firmeza nf firmness
fiscal adj fiscal, treasury
fiscal nc district attorney, prosecutor
fiscalía nf office of the public prosecutor
físicamente adv physically
físico adj physical
físico nm/f physicist
flaco adj thin, frail
flecha nf arrow, dart
flexible adj flexible
flor nf flower
flora nf flora
florecer v to flower, bloom, flourish
flota nf fleet
flotar v to float, flutter
fluir v to flow
flujo nm flow, tide, discharge
foco nm focus
fomentar v to foster, promote, encourage
fondo nm bottom, end
fondos nm funds
forestal adj forest
forma nf form, shape, way
formación nf formation, education
formal adj formal, polite
formar v to form
formato nm format, form
formidable adj formidable, tremendous
fórmula nf formula
formular v to formulate
foro nm forum
fortalecer v to fortify
fortaleza nf fortress, strength
fortuna nf fortune, fate
forzado adj forced, stiff
forzar v to force
foto nf photo, picture
fotografía nf photograph
fotográfico adj photographic
fotógrafo nm/f photographer
fracasar v to fail, be unsuccessful
fracaso nm failure, collapse
fracción nf fraction
frágil adj fragile, weak
fragmento nm fragment, passage
francamente adv frankly, openly
francés adj French
franco adj open, frank, outspoken
franja nf strip, stripe, fringe
frasco nm bottle, jar, flask
frase nf phrase
fraude nm fraud
frecuencia nf frequency
frecuentar v to frequent, visit
frecuente adj frequent
frecuentemente adv frequently, often
frenar v to brake, restrain
frente adv front
fresco adj cool, healthy, fresh
frío adj cold
frito adj fried
frontera nf border, frontier
fronterizo adj border
frotar v to rub, scrub
frustración nf frustration
frustrado adj frustrated
frustrar v to frustrate, prevent
fruta nf fruit
fruto nm fruit, result
fuego nm fire, gunfire
fuente nf source, fountain
fuera adv out, outside, away
fuerte adj strong
fuertemente adv strongly
fuerza nf strength, force, power
fuga nf flight, escape
fugaz adj fleeting, brief,
fumar v to smoke
función nf function, meeting
funcional adj functional
funcionamiento nm functioning, operation
funcionar v to work, function
funcionario nm/f civil servant
fundación nf foundation
fundador nm/f founder
fundamental adj fundamental
fundamentalmente adv fundamentally, basically
fundamentar v to base, found
fundamento nm foundation, ground
fundar v to found, base
fundir v to melt, cast, smelt
furia nf fury, rage
furioso adj furious
fusil nm gun, rifle
fusión nf fusion, union
fútbol nm soccer
futbolista nm/f soccer player
futuro nm future
gabinete nm cabinet, den, office
gala nf gala (performance/dinner)
galaxia nf galaxy
galería nf gallery, balcony
gallina nf hen, coward
gallo nm rooster
gama nf range, musical scale
ganador nm/f winner
ganancia nf gain, profit
ganar v to win, earn
ganas nf desire
garantía nf guarantee, warranty
garantizar v to guarantee
garganta nf throat, gorge
garra nf claw, fang
gas nm gas
gasolina nf gasoline
gastar v to spend (money)
gasto nm expense, expenditure
gastos nm expense, outlay,
gato nm cat
gemir v to moan, groan
gen nm gene
generación nf generation
general adj general
general nm general
generalizar v to generalize, popularize
generalmente adv generally, usually
generar v to generate
género nm sort, gender, genre
generoso adj generous
genético adj genetic
genial adj brilliant, inspired
genio nm genius, disposition
gente nf people
geografía nf geography
geográfico adj geographical
gerente nm/f manager, director
gestión nf management, step, negotiation
gestionar v to manage, handle
gesto nm gesture
gigante nc giant
gigantesco adj giant, gigantic
gira nf tour
girar v to rotate, revolve
giro nm turn, draft, expression
global adj global, overall
globo nm balloon, globe
gloria nf glory, fame
glorioso adj glorious
gobernación nf government, management
gobernador nm governor
gobernante nc ruler, leader
gobernar v to govern
gobierno nm government
gol nm goal
golfo nm gulf, bay
golpe nm hit, strike, punch
golpear v to hit, strike
goma nf rubber
gordo adj fat, thick
gota nf drop
gozar v to enjoy
grabación nf recording
grabar v to record, engrave
gracia nf (pl) thank you, grace, favor
gracias interj thanks, thank you
gracioso adj funny, charming, amusing
grado nm degree, grade
graduar v to adust, graduate
gráfico adj graphic, explicit
grande adj large, great, big
grandeza nf greatness, size
grano nm grain, kernel
grasa nf grease, fat
grato adj agreeable, pleasant
gratuito adj free, arbitrary, gratuitous
grave adj serious, solemn
gravedad nf seriousness, gravity
griego adj Greek
gris adj gray, gloomy
gritar v to shout
grito nm cry, shout, scream
grueso adj thick
grupo nm group
guante nm glove
guapo adj handsome, beautiful
guardar v to keep, save
guardia nc guard, watch, lookout
guardián nm/f guardian
guatemalteco adj Guatemalan
gubernamental adj governmental,
guerra nf war, warfare
guerrero nm/f warrior, soldier
guerrilla nf guerrilla
guía nc guide, leader
guiar v to guide, lead, steer
guión nm script, hyphen
guitarra nf guitar
gusano nm worm, caterpillar
gustar v to be pleasing to
gusto nm pleasure, taste, preference
haber v to have (+Ved)
hábil adj skillful, clever
habilidad nf ability, skill, talent
habitación nf room, bedroom, habitat
habitante nm inhabitant
habitar v to inhabit
hábito nm habit
habitual adj usual, habitual, customary
habitualmente adv habitually
habla nf (el) speech, talking
hablar v to speak, talk
hacer v to do, make
hacia prep toward, towards
hacienda nf ranch
hallar v to find (out)
hallazgo nm finding, discovery
hambre nf (el) hunger, starvation
harina nf flour
harto adv full, sick of
hasta prep until, up to, even (ADV)
hazaña nf deed, heroic feat
hecho nm fact, happening
hectárea nf hectare
helado adj iced, freezing, icy
helicóptero nm helicopter
hembra nf female, woman
heredar v to inherit
heredero nm heir, heiress
herencia nf inheritance, legacy
herida nf wound
herido adj wounded (person)
herir v to wound, hurt
hermana nf sister
hermano nm brother, [pl] siblings
hermoso adj beautiful, lovely
héroe nm hero
heroico adj heroic
herramienta nf tool
hervir v to boil
hidrógeno nm hydrogen
hielo nm ice
hierba nf herb, grass, weed
hierro nm iron
hígado nm liver
hija nf daughter
hijo nm son, [pl] children
hilera nf row, line
hilo nm thread, yarn, wire
himno nm hymn, anthem
hinchado adj swollen, pompous
hipótesis nf hypothesis
hispano adj Hispanic
hispanoamericano adj Hispano-American
historia nf history, story
historiador nm/f historian
histórico adj historical
hogar nm home, hearth
hoja nf sheet, leaf
hola interj hello, hi
holandés adj Dutch
hombre nm man, mankind, husband
hombro nm shoulder
homenaje nm homage, tribute
hondo adj deep
hondureño adj Honduran
honesto adj honest
hongo nm mushroom, fungus
honor nm honor, honesty
honrar v to honor
hora nf hour, time (specific)
horario nm schedule, timetable
horizontal adj horizontal
horizonte nm horizon
hormiga nf ant
hormona nf hormone
horno nm oven, furnace
horrible adj horrible
horror nm horror, atrocity
hospital nm hospital
hotel nm hotel
hoy adv today, nowadays
hueco nm hole, cavity
huelga nf strike, protest
huella nf trace, track, footstep
hueso nm bone
huésped nc guest, lodger
huevo nm egg
huir v to flee, run away
humanidad nf humanity, mankind
humano adj human
humedad nf humidity
húmedo adj humid, damp
humildad nf humility
humilde adj humble, modest
humillar v to humiliate
humo nm smoke
humor nm mood, humor
hundir v to sink, submerge
idea nf idea
ideal adj ideal, (goal)
idear v to devise, design
idéntico adj identical
identidad nf identity
identificación nf identification
identificar v to identify
ideología nf ideology
ideológico adj ideological
idioma nm (specific) language
idiota nc idiot, dunce
ídolo nm idol
iglesia nf church
ignorancia nf ignorance
ignorar v to be unaware
igual adj equal, same (as)
igualdad nf equality
igualmente adv equally
ilegal adj illegal
ilícito adj illicit, illegal
iluminación nf illumination, lighting
iluminado adj illuminated
iluminar v to illuminate, light up
ilusión nf illusion, hope, dream
ilustración nf illustration
ilustrar v to illustrate
ilustre adj renowned, illustrious
imagen nf image, picture
imaginación nf imagination, fantasy
imaginar v to imagine
imaginario adj imaginary
imitar v to imitate, copy, mimic
impaciencia nf impatience
impaciente adj impatient
impacto nm impact
impartir v to impart, administer
impecable adj impeccable, faultless
impedir v to prevent, hinder
imperial adj imperial, imperialist
imperio nm empire, fortune
implacable adj relentless, implacable
implantar v introduce, implant
implementar v to implement
implicar v to implicate, imply
imponer v to impose, enforce
importación nf import, importation
importancia nf importance
importante adj important
importar v to matter, import
imposible adj impossible
impotencia nf impotence
impregnar v to impregnate, permeate
imprescindible adj essential, indispensable
impresión nf impression, printing
impresionante adj impressive, astonishing
impresionar v to impress
imprimir v to print
improvisar v to improvise
impuestos nm taxes
impulsar v to push, promote, drive
impulso nm impulse, momentum
impunidad nf impunity
inauguración nf opening, inauguration
inaugurar v to inaugurate, start
incapacidad nf inability, incompetence
incapaz adj incapable
incendio nm fire, conflagration
incertidumbre nf uncertainty
incidencia nf ocurrence, impact
incidente nm incident
incidir v to influence, affect
incierto adj uncertain
inclinación nf slope, incline, tendency
inclinar v to bow, tilt, incline
incluir v to include
inclusión nf inclusion
inclusive adv including, even
incluso adv including, even (ADV)
incómodo adj uncomfortable
inconsciente adj unconscious, thoughtless
inconveniente adj inconvenience, drawback
incorporación nf inclusion, incorporation
incorporar v to incorporate, include
increíble adj incredible, unbelievable
incrementar v to increase
incremento nm increase, raise
independencia nf independence
independiente adj independent, self-sufficient
independientemente adv independently
indicación nf indication
indicador nm indicator, gauge
indicar v to indicate
índice nm index, forefinger
indicio nm indication, sign
indiferencia nf indifference
indiferente adj indifferent
indígena adj indigenous, native
indignar v to anger
indio nm Indian
indirecto adj indirect
indispensable adj indispensable, essential
individual adj individual
individuo nm individual, person
índole nf nature, temperament
inducir v to lead to
indudablemente adv doubtless, undoubtedly
industria nf industry, factory
industrial adj industrial
inesperado adj unexpected, unforeseen
inevitable adj inevitable, unavoidable
inexplicable adj unexplainable
infancia nf infancy, childhood
infantil adj of children, childlike, infantile
infección nf infection
infeliz adj unhappy, unfortunate
inferior adj lower, inferior
infierno nm hell, inferno
infinito adj infinite
inflación nf inflation
influencia nf influence
influir v to (have) influence
información nf information
informar v to inform
informático adj computer
informativo adj informative
informe nm report
infraestructura nf infrastructure
ingeniería nf engineering
ingeniero nm/f engineer
ingenio nm ingenuity, talent, wit
ingenuo adj naïve, ingenuous
inglés adj English
ingrediente nm ingredient
ingresar v to join, deposit, admit
ingreso nm entrance, admission, income
ingresos nm income, revenue
inicial adj initial
inicialmente adv initially
iniciar v to initiate, start
iniciativa nf initiative
inicio nm beginning, start
injusticia nf injustice
injusto adj unfair, unjust
inmediatamente adv immediately
inmediato adj immediate
inmenso adj immense, vast, huge
inmigrante nc immigrant
inminente adj imminent
inmóvil adj immovable, motionless
innecesario adj unnecessary
innovación nf innovation
innumerable adj innumerable, countless
inocencia nf innocence
inocente adj innocent, naïve
inolvidable adj unforgettable
inquietar v to make uneasy, disturb
inquieto adj restless, anxious
inquietud nf restlessness, anxiety
inscribir v to register, record
inscripción nf inscription, registration
insecto nm insect
inseguridad nf insecurity
insertar v to insert, put in
insignificante adj insignificant
insinuar v to insinuate, hint
insistencia nf insistence, persistence
insistir v to insist on
insólito adj unusual, uncommon
insoportable adj unbearable, intolerable
inspector nm/f inspector
inspiración nf inspiration, inhalation
inspirar v to inspire, inhale
instalación nf installation, facilities
instalar v to install
instancia nf instance
instante nm instant, moment
instinto nm instinct
institución nf institution
institucional adj institutional
instituto nm institute
instrucción nf instruction
instrumento nm instrument
insuficiente adj insufficient
insultar v to insult, berate
insulto nm insult
intacto adj intact
integración nf integration
integral adj comprehensive, integral, built-in
integrar v to integrate, fit in
integridad nf integrity
intelectual adj intellectual
inteligencia nf intelligence
inteligente adj intelligent
intención nf intention
intensidad nf intensity, force
intenso adj intense, acute
intentar v to try, attempt
intento nm attempt, try
interacción nf interaction
intercambiar v to exchange
intercambio nm exchange, interchange
interés nm interest
interesado adj (self-) interested
interesante adj interesting
interesar v to interest
interior nm interior, inside
intermedio adj interim, intermediate
interminable adj endless, interminable
internacional adj international
internar v to confine
Internet nm Internet
interno adj internal
interpretación nf interpretation, interpreting
interpretar v to interpret
intérprete nc performer, interpreter
interrogar v to question, interrogate
interrumpir v to interrupt
interrupción nf interruption
intervalo nm interval, gap
intervención nf intervention
intervenir v to intervene
intimidad nf private life, intimacy
íntimo adj close, intimate
introducción nf introduction
introducir v to introduce, bring in
intuición nf intuition
intuir v to sense
inundación nf flood, deluge
inundar v to flood, inundate
inútil adj useless
invadir v to invade, overcome
invasión nf invasion
invención nf invention, contrivance
inventar v to invent, make up
invento nm invention
inversión nf investment, outlay
invertir v to invest
investigación nf investigation
investigador nm/f researcher, investigator
investigar v to investigate
invierno nm winter
invisible adj invisible
invitación nf invitation
invitado nm guest
invitar v to invite
invocar v to invoke
involucrar v to involve
ir v to go
ira nf rage, wrath
irlandés adj Irish
ironía nf irony
irónico adj ironic, mocking
irregular adj irregular
irregularidad nf irregularity
irritar v to irritate
isla nf island
islámico adj Islamic
italiano adj Italian
izquierda nf left
izquierdo adj left (opposite of right)
jabón nm soap
jaja interj ha ha
jamás adv never
japonés adj Japanese
jardín nm garden
jaula nf cage, crate, playpen
jefe nm/f leader, boss, manager
jerarquía nf hierarchy, rank
jinete nm rider, horseman
joder v to f**k, screw (around/up)
jornada nf (working) day, shift
joven nc teenager, young person
joya nf jewel, treasure
judicial adj judicial
judío nm/f Jew
juego nm game, play, sport
jueves nm Thursday
juez nc judge
jugada nf move, play
jugador nm/f player, gambler
jugar v to play (sport/game)
jugo nm juice
juguete nm toy
juicio nm judgment
julio nm July
junio nm June
junta nf meeting, conference, seam
juntar v to bring together
junto adj together
jurado nm/f jury, juror
jurar v to swear, take an oath
jurídico adj legal, juridical
jurisdicción nf jurisdiction
justamente adv just, exactly
justicia nf justice, fairness
justificación nf justification
justificar v to justify, excuse
justo adv just
justo adj fair, just
juvenil adj young, juvenile
juventud nf youth
juzgado nm/f court, tribunal, judge
juzgar v to judge
kilo nm kilogram
kilómetro nm kilometer
la pron [rd person] (dir obj-f)
laberinto nm maze, labyrinth
labio nm lip
labor nf labor, work, task
laboral adj labor, industry
laboratorio nm laboratory
lado nm side
ladrillo nm brick
ladrón nm/f thief
lago nm lake
lágrima nf tear, teardrop
laguna nf lagoon
lamentable adj regrettable
lamentablemente adv regrettably
lamentar v to regret
lamento nm lament, moan
lámina nf sheet (of metal)
lámpara nf lamp
lana nf wool
lanzamiento nm launch, release
lanzar v to throw, launch
lápiz nm pencil
largar v to let go, start out
largo adj long
largo nm a lo l.: throughout, length
lástima nf shame, pity
lastimar v to hurt, damage
lata nf (tin) can
lateral adj side, lateral
latín nm Latin
latino adj Latin
latinoamericano adj Latin American
latir v to beat (heart)
lavar v to wash
lazo nm bow, knot, tie, lasso
le pron [rd person] (indir obj)
lealtad nf loyalty, faithfulness
lección nf lesson
leche nf milk
lecho nm (river) bed, couch
lector nm reader, lecturer
lectura nf reading
leer v to read
legal adj legal
legalmente adv legally
legislación nf legislation
legislador nm/f legislator
legislativo adj legislative
legítimo adj legitimate
lejano adj distant
lejos adv far (away, off)
leña nf firewood
lengua nf language, tongue, strip (of land)
lenguaje nm language, speech
lentamente adv slowly
lente nmf lens, [pl] glasses
lentitud nf slowness
lento adj slow
león nm lion
lesión nf injury, wound, harm
letra nf letter, handwriting, lyrics
levantar v to raise, lift
leve adj slight, trifling, light
ley nf law, bill, rule
leyenda nf legend
liberación nf liberation
liberal adj liberal
liberar v to free, liberate
libertad nf freedom, liberty
libra nf pound (money/weight)
librar v to liberate, set free
libre adj free, vacant
libremente adv freely
librería nf bookstore
libro nm book
licencia nf license, permission
licenciado nm/f graduate, lawyer
licenciar v to license, discharge
liceo nm high school
líder nc leader
liderar v to lead, head
liderazgo nm leadership
lienzo nm canvas, painting
liga nf league, elastic band
ligar v to tie, link, bind
ligeramente adv slightly, lightly
ligero adj light (in weight), slight
limitación nf limitation
limitado adj limited
limitar v to limit
límite nm limit
limón nm lemon, lime
limpiar v to clean
limpieza nf cleanliness, purity
limpio adj clean
lindo adj pretty, nice, lovely
línea nf line, course
lingüístico adj linguistic
lío nm mess, problem, bad situation
líquido nm liquid
liso adj smooth, flat, straight
lista nf list, roster, roll
listo adj ready, clever, smart
literalmente adv literally
literario adj literary
literatura nf literature
litro nm liter
liviano adj light, frivolous
llama nf flame, llama
llamada nf call, knock
llamado nm call, calling
llamar v to call, name
llamativo adj striking
llano adj flat, level, plain
llanto nm crying, weeping
llanura nf plain, prairie, plainness
llave nf key, faucet, wrench
llegada nf arrival
llegar v to arrive
llenar v to fill
lleno adj full, filled
llevar v to take, carry
llorar v to cry
llover v to rain
lluvia nf rain
lo art the (+neut)
lo pron [rd person] (dir obj-m)
lobo nm wolf
local adj local
localidad nf town, locality
localizar v to locate, find, localize
loco adj crazy, insane
locura nf madness, insanity
lógica nf logic
lógicamente adv logically
lógico adj logical
lograr v to achieve, get, manage
logro nm success, achievement
lomo nm back, loin, spine
longitud nf length, longitude
lucha nf fight, struggle, wrestle
luchar v to fight, wrestle
lucir v to show (off), shine
luego adv later, afterwards
lugar nm place, position
lujo nm luxury
luminoso adj bright, luminous
luna nf moon
lunes nm Monday
luz nf light
macho nm male, manliness
madera nf wood
madre nf mother
madrileño adj from Madrid
madrugada nf dawn, daybreak
madurar v to mature, ripen
madurez nf maturity, ripeness
maduro adj mature, ripe
maestría nf skill, mastery
maestro nm/f teacher (m), master
magia nf magic
mágico adj magic, magical
magistrado nm/f judge, magistrate
magnético adj magnetic
magnífico adj magnificent, splendid
magnitud nf magnitude, extent
mago nm/f magician, wizard
maíz nm corn, maize
mal adv badly
mal nm evil
maldad nf evil, wickedness
maldecir v to curse, insult
malestar nm discomfort, unease, unrest
maleta nf suitcase, case
malo adj bad
mamá nf mom
mamífero nm mammal
mañana nf morning, tomorrow
mañana adv tomorrow
mancha nf stain, spot
manchado adj stained, dirty
mandar v to send, order
mandato nm mandate, order, command
mando nm command, authority
manejar v to drive, handle
manejo nm handling, management
manera nf way, manner
manga nf sleeve
mango nm handle, mango
manifestación nf protest, manifestation
manifestar v to express, show
manifiesto nm poner de m.: to show
maniobra nf maneuver, operation
manipulación nf handling, manipulation
manipular v to manipulate, handle
mano nf hand
manta nf blanket
mantener v to keep, maintain
mantenimiento nm maintenance, sustenance
manto nm cloak
manual nm manual, handbook
manual adj manual
manuscrito nm manuscript
manzana nf apple, (city) block
mapa nm map
maquillaje nm makeup
máquina nf machine
maquinaria nf machinery
mar nmf sea
maravilla nf wonder, marvel
maravilloso adj wonderful, marvelous
marca nf mark, brand, trademark
marcador nm sign, scoreboard
marcar v to mark, note, dial
marcha nf march, progress
marchar v to go, leave, march
marco nm frame, mark, setting
marea nf wave, tide, ebb
margen nmf edge, margin, border, brink
marido nm husband
marino adj marine, naval
mariposa nf butterfly, wing nut
marítimo adj maritime, marine
mármol nm marble
martes nm Tuesday
marzo nm March
mas conj but, however
más adj more
masa nf mass, dough, bulk, crowd
máscara nf mask
masculino adj masculine, manly, male
masivo adj mass, massive
matar v to kill
matemática nf mathematics
matemático adj mathematical
materia nf matter, subject
material nm material, element
material adj material
materno adj maternal
matiz nm shade, tint, nuance
matrimonio nm marriage, married couple
máximo adj maximum
mayo nm May
mayor adj larger, older, main
mayoría nf majority
me pron me (obj)
mecánica nf mechanics, mechanism
mecánico adj mechanical
mecanismo nm mechanism
medalla nf medal, medallion
media nf average, a m.: halfways
mediado adj mid, middle
mediano adj average, medium, ordinary
medianoche nf midnight
mediante prep by means of
medicamento nm medicine, drug
medicina nf medicine
medición nf measurement
médico nm/f doctor
médico adj medical
medida nf measure, a m. que: to the extent
medieval adj medieval
medio adj half, middle
mediocre adj mediocre
mediodía nm noon, midday
medios nm means, resources
medir v to measure
meditación nf meditation
meditar v to meditate, ponder
mediterráneo adj Mediterranean
mejilla nf cheek
mejor adj best, better (ADV)
mejora nf improvement
mejorar v to improve, get better
melancolía nf melancholy, depression
melancólico adj melancholy
melodía nf melody
memoria nf memory
mención nf mention
mencionar v to mention, cite
menor adj younger, youngest
menos adj less, fewer
mensaje nm message
mensual adj monthly
mental adj mental
mentalidad nf mindset, mind
mente nf mind
mentir v to (tell a) lie
mentira nf lie
menú nm menu
menudo adv a m.: often
mercado nm market
mercancía nf goods, merchandise
merced nf favor, mercy
merecer v to deserve, be worthy (of)
meridional adj southern
mérito nm worth, merit
mero adj mere
mes nm month
mesa nf table, board
meta nf goal, aim, purpose
metáfora nf metaphor
metal nm metal
metálico adj metallic
meter v to put (into)
método nm method
metodología nf methodology, method
metro nm meter, subway
mexicano adj Mexican
mezcla nf mixture, blend
mezclar v to mix
mi adj my
pron me (obj prep)
miedo nm fear
miel nf honey
miembro nm member, limb
mientras conj while, whereas, as long as
miércoles nm Wednesday
mierda nf shit, crap, excrement
migración nf migration
mil num thousand
milagro nm miracle
milenio nm millennium
militante nc member, militant
militar adj military
millón num million, fortune
millonario nm/f millionaire
mina nf mine
mineral nm mineral, ore
minería nf mining
minero adj mining
mínimo adj minimum
ministerio nm/f ministry
ministro nm/f (government) secretary, minister
minoría nf minority
minúsculo adj minute, insignificant
minuto nm minute
mío pron mine
mirada nf gaze, look
mirar v to look, watch
misa nf (religious) Mass
miserable adj wretched, miserable
miseria nf misery, wretchedness
misericordia nf compassion, mercy
misión nf mission, task
mismo adj same
misterio nm mystery
misterioso adj mysterious
mitad nf half, middle
mito nm myth
mixto adj mixed, co-ed
moda nf fashion, form
modalidad nf mode, manner
modelo nc model, pattern
moderado adj moderate, mild
moderno adj modern
modesto adj modest, humble
modificación nf modification, alteration
modificar v to modify
modo nm way, manner, de m. que: so that
mojado adj wet
mojar v to make wet, dampen
molde nm mold, cast, pattern
molécula nf molecule
molecular adj molecular
molestar v to bother, disturb, upset
molestia nf bother, nuisance, trouble
molesto adj annoyed, bothered, upset
momento nm moment, time
monarca nm monarch
monarquía nf monarchy,
monasterio nm monastery, convent
moneda nf coins, currency
monetario adj monetary,
monja nf nun
mono nm monkey
monopolio nm monopoly
monstruo nm monster, monstrosity
montaje nm assembly, staging
montaña nf mountain
montañoso adj mountainous
montar v to ride, mount, assemble
monte nm mountain
montón nm lot of, heap, pile
monumental adj monumental
monumento nm monument
moral adj moral
morder v to bite
moreno adj dark, brown
morir v to die
mortal adj mortal, lethal, deadly
mosca nf fly (insect)
mostrador nm counter, desk
mostrar v to show
motivación nf motivation
motivar v to motivate, cause
motivo nm motive, cause
moto nf motorcycle
motor nm engine, motor
mover v to move, incite
móvil adj mobile
movilidad nf mobility, movement
movilización nf mobilization
movilizar v to mobilize
movimiento nm movement
mozo nm waiter, youth, bellboy
muchacha nf girl
muchacho nm boy
mucho adj much, many, a lot (ADV)
mudar v to move, change
mudo adj mute, silent
mueble nm (piece of) furniture
mueca nf face, grimace
muerte nf death
muerto adj dead
muestra nf proof, sample, sign
mujer nf woman, wife
multa nf fine, penalty, citation
múltiple adj multiple, many
multiplicar v to multiply
multitud nf multitude
mundial adj worldwide
mundo nm world
muñeca nf doll, wrist
municipal adj municipal, town
municipio nm municipality, town
muralla nf city wall
murmullo nm murmur, whispering
murmurar v to murmur, whisper, mutter
muro nm (outer) wall, rampart
muscular adj muscular
músculo nm muscle
museo nm museum
música nf music
musical adj musical
músico nm/f musician
muslo nm thigh
musulmán adj Moslem, Muslim
mutuo adj mutual
muy adv very, really
nacer v to be born
nacimiento nm birth, origin
nación nf nation
nacional adj national
nacionalidad nf nationality
nacionalista adj nationalist, nationalistic
nada pron nothing, (not) at all
nadar v to swim
nadie pron nobody, anybody
nalgas nf buttocks, backside, bottom
naranja nf orange (fruit)
narcotráfico nm drug trafficking
nariz nf nose
narración nf narration, account
narrador nm/f narrator
narrar v to narrate, tell
narrativa nf narrative, story
narrativo adj narrative
natal adj native, birth
nativo adj native
natural adj natural
naturaleza nf nature, character
naturalmente adv naturally
naval adj naval
nave nf spacecraft, ship
navegación nf navigation, shipping
navegador nm/f browser, navigator
navegar v to navigate, sail
navidad nf Christmas
necesariamente adv necessarily
necesario adj necessary
necesidad nf necessity, need
necesitar v to need
negar v to deny, refuse
negativa nf negative, denial
negativo adj negative, pessimistic
negociación nf negotiation
negociar v to negotiate, deal (with/in)
negocio nm business, transaction
negro adj black
nene nm/f baby, small child
nervio nm nerve
nervioso adj nervous, uptight
ni conj not even, neither, nor
nicaragüense adj Nicaraguan
nido nm nest
niebla nf fog
nieto nm grandchild
nieve nf snow
niña nf child, young girl
niñez nf childhood, infancy
ninguno adj no, none, nobody (PRON)
niño nm child, little boy
nivel nm level
no adv no
noble adj noble
nobleza nf nobility, uprightness
noche nf night, evening
noción nf notion, idea
nocturno adj nocturnal, evening
nombramiento nm appointment, nomination
nombrar v to name, appoint
nombre nm name, noun
norma nf standard, pattern, norm
normal adj normal, usual, regular
normalmente adv normally
noroeste nm northwest
norte nm north
norteamericano adj North American
nos pron us (obj)
nosotros pron we (subj)
nostalgia nf nostalgia, homesickness
nota nf note, grade
notable adj outstanding, noteworthy
notar v to notice
noticia nf news
noticias nf news
novedad nf latest news, newness
novedoso adj novel, new
novela nf novel
novelista nc novelist
noventa num ninety
novia nf girlfriend, bride
noviembre nm November
novio nm boyfriend, groom
nube nf cloud
nuclear adj nuclear
núcleo nm nucleus, core
nudo nm knot
nuestro adj our
nuevamente adv anew, again
nueve num nine
nuevo adj new
nulo adj void, null
número nm number
numeroso adj numerous
nunca adv never, ever
o conj or
obedecer v to obey
obispo nm bishop
objetivo nm objective
objeto nm object, thing
obligación nf obligation
obligado adj obliged, required
obligar v to obligate, force
obligatorio adj obligatory, compulsory
obra nf work, book, deed
obrero nm/f worker, laborer
observación nf observation
observador nm observer
observar v to observe
obsesión nf mania, obsession
obstáculo nm obstacle
obstante adv however, nevertheless
obtener v to obtain
obviamente adv obviously
obvio adj obvious
ocasión nf opportunity, occasion
ocasionar v to occasion, bring about
occidental adj occidental, Western
occidente nm West
océano nm ocean
ochenta num eighty
ocho num eight
octubre nm October
ocultar v to hide
oculto adj hidden, occult
ocupación nf occupation, use
ocupar v to occupy, use
ocurrir v to happen, occur
odiar v to hate
odio nm hatred
oeste nm west
ofender v to offend
ofensiva nf offensive, attack
ofensivo adj offensive, aggressive
oferta nf offer, bid, supply
oficial adj official, authorized
oficialmente adv officially
oficina nf office
oficio nm job, occupation, function
ofrecer v to offer, present
oh interj oh
oído nm hearing, ear
oír v to hear
ojalá interj hopefully
ojo nm eye
ola nf wave, billow
oler v to smell
olímpico adj Olympic, Olympian
olla nf pot, kettle
olor nm smell, odor, fragrance
olvidar v to forget
olvido nm forgetfulness, omission
once num eleven
onda nf wave, ripple
opaco adj dull, opaque, heavy
opción nf option, choice
ópera nf opera
operación nf operation
operador nm/f operator
operar v to operate
operativo adj operative, operational
opinar v to think, be of the opinion
opinión nf opinion, view
oponer v to oppose
oportunidad nf opportunity, chance
oportuno adj opportune, timely
oposición nf opposition
opositor nm/f opponent
optar v to choose, opt for
optimismo nm optimism
optimista adj optimistic
óptimo adj optimum
opuesto adj opposite, contrary
oración nf prayer
oral adj oral
orar v to pray, speak
órbita nf orbit, socket, field
orden nmf order, sequence (m), religious (f)
ordenado adj organized, clean
ordenador nm computer
ordenar v to put in order, organize
ordinario adj vulgar, ordinary
oreja nf ear
orgánico adj organic
organismo nm organism, (human) body
organización nf organization
organizado adj organized
organizar v to organize
órgano nm organ
orgullo nm pride
orgulloso adj proud, arrogant
orientación nf orientation, direction
oriental adj Eastern, oriental
orientar v guide, show the way
oriente nm East
origen nm origin, cause
original adj original
originar v to give rise (to), cause
originario adj native to, originate from
orilla nf shore, edge
oro nm gold
orquesta nf orchestra, dance band
os pron you (obj-pl/+fam)
oscilar v oscillate
oscurecer v to get dark
oscuridad nf darkness
oscuro adj dark, obscure
oso nm bear
otoño nm autumn
otorgar v to give, grant, award
otro adj other, another
oveja nf sheep, ewe
oxígeno nm oxygen
oyente nc listener, hearer
paciencia nf patience
paciente nc patient
pacífico adj peaceful
pacto nm pact, agreement
padecer v to suffer
padre nm father
pagar v to pay
página nf page
pago nm payment
país nm country
paisaje nm landscape
paja nf straw, thatching
pájaro nm bird
palabra nf word
palacio nm palace
pálido adj pale, ghastly, faded
palma nf palm tree, palm
palmera nf palm tree
palo nm stick, pole
paloma nf dove
palpar v to feel, touch, fondle
pan nm bread
panel nm panel, screen
pánico nm panic
panorama nm panorama, landscape
pantalla nf screen, monitor
pantalón nm pants, trousers
pañuelo nm handkerchief, shawl
papa nmf Pope (m), potato (f)
papá nm dad
papel nm paper, role, part
paquete nm package, packet
par nmf pair, couple (m), a la p.: at same time
para prep for, to, in order to
paraguayo adj Paraguayan
paraíso nm paradise
paralelo adj parallel
paralizar v to paralyze
parámetro nm parameter
parar v to stop (moving)
parcial adj partial, biased
pardo adj brown, dark, dim
parecer v to seem, look like
parecer nm opinion, looks
pared nf (interior) wall
pareja nf couple, pair
pariente nc relative
parir v to give birth
parlamentario adj parliamentary
parlamento nm parliament, dialogue
paro nm labor strike, attack
párpado nm eyelid
parque nm park
párrafo nm paragraph
parroquia nf parish
parte nf part, portion
participación nf participation, involvement
participante nm participant
participar v to participate
partícula nf particle
particular adj particular, peculiar
particularmente adv particularly, personally
partida nf game, match, departure
partidario adj in favor of, supportive
partido nm party, group, (sports) match
partir v to divide, leave, a p. de: starting
parto nm birth
pasado adj past, last
pasaje nm fare, passage, lane
pasajero nm/f passenger
pasar v to pass, spend (time)
pasear v to go for a walk, ride
paseo nm walk, ride
pasillo nm hall, corridor
pasión nf passion, desire
pasivo adj passive
paso nm step, pace
pasta nf pasta, dough
pastilla nf pill, capsule
pasto nm grass, pasture
pastor nm/f shepherd, pastor
pata nf leg, paw
patada nf kick, punt
patio nm courtyard, playground, yard
pato nm duck
patria nf native land, fatherland
patrimonio nm patrimony, inheritance
patrón nm employer, landlord, patron saint
pausa nf pause
pauta nf guideline, rule, standard
paz nf peace
pecado nm sin
pecar v to sin
pecho nm chest, breast
peculiar adj peculiar
pedagógico adj pedagogical, teaching
pedazo nm piece, bit
pedir v to ask for, request
pegar v to hit, stick (on)
pelea nf fight, quarrel
pelear v to fight, struggle
película nf movie, film
peligro nm danger, menace
peligroso adj dangerous
pelo nm hair
pelota nf ball
pena nf trouble, valer la p.: be of worth
penal adj penal
pendiente nm slope, descent, earring
pendiente adj aware of, pending
penetrar v to penetrate, come in
península nf peninsula
pensamiento nm thought, thinking
pensar v to think
pensión nf boarding house
penumbra nf semidarkness, twilight
peón nm unskilled laborer, field hand
peor adj worse, worst
pequeñito adj very small, tiny
pequeño adj little, small, young
percatar v to inform, become aware
percepción nf perception
percibir v to perceive, notice
perder v to lose, miss
pérdida nf loss
perdido adj lost
perdón nm forgiveness, pardon
perdonar v to forgive, excuse
perfección nf perfection
perfeccionar v to perfect
perfectamente adv perfectly
perfecto adj perfect
perfil nm profile, outline
perfume nm perfume
periódico nm newspaper, periodical
periodismo nm journalism
periodista nc journalist
periodístico adj journalistic
período nm period, time
perjudicar v to endanger
perla nf pearl
permanecer v to stay, remain
permanente adj permanent
permanentemente adv permanently
permiso nm permission, permit
permitir v to allow, permit
pero conj but, yet, except
perro nm dog
persecución nf pursuit, persecution
perseguir v to persecute, pursue, chase
persistir v to persist
persona nf person
personaje nm character (e.g. movie)
personal adj personal
personalidad nf personality, celebrity
personalmente adv personally
perspectiva nf perspective
pertenecer v to belong
perteneciente adj pertaining, belonging
pertenencia nf membership, property
pertinente adj pertinent, relevant
peruano adj Peruvian
pesadilla nf nightmare
pesado adj heavy, boring, tiresome
pesar prep a p. de: in spite of
pesar v to weigh
pesca nf fishing
pescado nm fish
pescador nm/f fisherman
pescar v to fish
pese conj in spite of
peseta nf peseta (money)
pésimo adj dreadful, awful
peso nm peso (money), weight, load
pestaña nf eyelash
petición nf request, petition
petróleo nm oil, petroleum
petrolero adj oil, petroleum
pez nm (alive) fish
piano nm piano
picar v to bite, sting, itch
pico nm y p.: and a bit, beak, peak
pie nm foot, base
piedad nf pity, mercy
piedra nf stone, rock
piel nf skin, hide, fur
pierna nf leg
pieza nf piece, part
pila nf (baptismal) font, battery, heap
pilar nm pillar, column
pillar v to capture, catch
piloto nm/f pilot, driver
pino nm pine (tree)
pintado adj painted
pintar v to paint
pintor nm/f painter
pintura nf painting, paint
pirámide nf pyramid
pisar v to step on
piscina nf swimming pool
piso nm floor, story
pista nf clue, track, trace
pistola nf gun, pistol
placa nf plaque, plate, badge
placer nm pleasure
plan nm plan
plancha nf (electric) iron, plate, sheet
planear v to plan
planeta nm planet
planificación nf planning, design
planificar v to plan
plano nm plane, map, level
plano adj flat, plain, even, level
planta nf plant, floor
plantar v to plant
planteamiento nm proposal, exposition
plantear v to propose, present
plantilla nf template, stencil
plasmar v to express, capture
plástico nm plastic
plata nf silver, money
plataforma nf platform, springboard
platicar v to talk, chat
plato nm plate, dish
playa nf beach, seaside
plaza nf square, marketplace
plazo nm deadline, installment
plenamente adv fully
plenitud nf fullness, abundance
pleno adj complete, full
plomo nm lead, bullet
pluma nf pen, feather
población nf population
poblador nm/f settler, resident
poblar v to populate, inhabit
pobre adj poor
pobreza nf poverty, lack, scarcity
poco adj little, few, a little bit (ADV)
poder v to be able to, can
poder nm power
poderoso adj powerful
poema nm poem
poesía nf poetry, poem
poeta nc poet
poético adj poetic
polaco adj Polish
polémica nf polemics, argument
polémico adj controversial, polemical
policía nc police, police force, police officer
policial adj police
política nf politics, policy
políticamente adv politically
político adj political
político nm/f politician
pollo nm chicken
polo nm pole, polo, polo shirt
polvo nm dust, powder
poner v to put (on), get (+
popular adj popular
popularidad nf popularity
por prep by, for, through
porcentaje nm percentage
porción nf part, portion, share
porque conj because
porqué nm reason, cause
portada nf cover, title page
portador nm bearer, carrier
portal nm website, portal ,entrance
portar v to behave [se], carry
portavoz nm spokesperson, mouthpiece
portero nm/f porter, doorkeeper, goalie
portugués adj Portuguese
porvenir nm future, time to come
posar v to rest, pose, land
poseer v to possess, own
posesión nf possession
posibilidad nf possibility
posible adj possible
posiblemente adv possibly
posición nf position
positivo adj positive
posterior adj rear, backside
posteriormente adv afterwards
postre nm dessert
postular v to postulate, nominate
postura nf posture, position, attitude
potencia nf power, potential
potenciar v to strengthen, boost
potente adj potent, powerful
pozo nm well, shaft
práctica nf practice, skill
prácticamente adv practically
practicar v to practice
práctico adj practical, skillful
prado nm meadow, field, lawn
precaución nf caution, forethought
precedente nm precedent
preceder v to precede
precio nm price, cost, value
precioso adj beautiful, precious
precipitación nf precipitation, rainfall
precipitar v to plunge, hurl, rush
precisamente adv precisely
precisar v to do exactly, specify
precisión nf precision
preciso adj precise, necessary
predecir v to predict
predicar v to preach
predominar v to predominate
preferencia nf preference
preferible adj preferable
preferir v to prefer
pregunta nf question
preguntar v to ask (a question)
prejuicio nm prejudice
premio nm prize, reward
prenda nf piece of clothing
prender v to turn on, apprehend
prensa nf press
preocupación nf worry, concern
preocupado adj worried, concerned
preocupar v to worry
preparación nf preparation, training
preparado adj prepared
preparar v to prepare
presa nf dam, prisoner (f)
presencia nf presence, appearance
presenciar v to be present at, witness
presentación nf presentation, introduction
presentar v to introduce, present
presente nm present
presentir v to sense in advance
preservar v to preserve
presidencia nf presidency
presidencial adj presidential
presidente nm/f president
presidir v to preside over
presión nf pressure
presionar v to press, pressure
preso nm prisoner
prestación nf benefit, lending of service
préstamo nm loan, borrowing
prestar v to lend
prestigio nm prestige
prestigioso adj prestigious
presumir v to boast, show off, suppose
presunto adj alleged, presumed
presupuesto nm budget
pretender v to attempt
pretensión nf pretension, claim, aspiration
pretexto nm pretext, excuse
prevalecer v to prevail
prevención nf prevention, warning
prevenir v to avoid, prevent
preventivo adj preventive, preemptive
prever v to foresee, anticipate, forecast
previamente adv previously
previo adj previous
previsión nf forecast, precaution
prima nf female cousin, down payment
primario adj primary
primavera nf spring, springlike
primero adj first
primitivo adj primitive
primo nm cousin
primordial adj fundamental, primary
princesa nf princess
principal adj main, principal
principalmente adv principally, mainly
príncipe nm prince
principio nm beginning, principle
prioridad nf priority
prisa nf hurry
prisión nf prison, imprisonment
prisionero nm prisoner
privado adj private
privar v to deprive (of)
privilegiado adj privileged
privilegio nm privilege
probabilidad nf probability
probable adj probable
probablemente adv probably
probar v to test, prove, try
problema nm problem
problemática nf problems, difficulties
procedente adj coming (from)
proceder v to proceed, start
procedimiento nm procedure, proceedings
procesar v to process, prosecute
procesión nf procession
proceso nm process, procedure
proclamar v to proclaim
procurar v to try, seek
producción nf production
producir v to produce, cause
productividad nf productivity
productivo adj productive, profitable
producto nm product
productor nm producer
profesión nf profession, occupation
profesional adj professional
profesor nm/f professor, teacher
profeta nm prophet
profundamente adv profoundly, deeply
profundidad nf depth, profundity
profundizar v to deepen, analyze in depth
profundo adj deep, profound
programa nm program, plan
programación nf programming, scheduling
programar v to plan, program
progresar v to progress
progresivo adj progressive
progreso nm progress
prohibición nf prohibition
prohibir v to prohibit, forbid
prolongado adj prolonged, lengthy
prolongar v to extend, prolong
promedio nm average, middle,
promesa nf promise
prometer v to promise
promoción nf promotion
promover v to promote
pronto adv soon, quick
pronunciar v to pronounce
propaganda nf advertising, propaganda
propiamente adv exactly, properly
propiciar v to favor, foster, aid
propiedad nf property
propietario nm owner
propio adj own, proper, typical
proponer v to propose
proporción nf proportion
proporcionar v to supply
proposición nf proposition
propósito nm intention, purpose
propuesta nf proposal, proposition
prosa nf prose
proseguir v to continue, carry on
protagonista nc protagonist, main character
protagonizar v to have the leading role in
protección nf protection
protector nm protector, defender
proteger v to protect
proteína nf protein
protesta nf objection, protest
protestar v to protest, object
protocolo nm protocol, convention
provecho nm benefit, use
proveedor nm/f supplier, dealer
proveer v to provide
proveniente adj coming from
provenir v to come from, be from
provincia nf province, region
provincial adj provincial
provocar v to cause, provoke
proximidad nf proximity
próximo adj next
proyección nf projection, screening
proyectar v to project
proyecto nm project, plan
prudente adj sensible, prudent
prueba nf proof, trial, test
psicología nf psychology
psicológico adj psychological
psicólogo nm/f psychologist
publicación nf publication
públicamente adv publicly, in public
publicar v to publish
publicidad nf advertising, publicity
publicitario adj advertising
público adj public
público nm public, audience
pudrir v to rot, decay
pueblo nm people, village
puente nm bridge
puerta nf door
puerto nm port, harbor
pues conj
puesto nm then, well then
pulmón nm lung
pulsar v to press, beat, strike, throb
pulso nm pulse, pulsation
puño nm fist, handle, cuff
punta nf tip, point
punto nm point, dot, period
puntual adj punctual
pupila nf pupil
puramente adv purely, simply
pureza nf purity, chastity
puro adj pure, clean
puta nf whore, prostitute
que conj that, which
qué pron what?, which?, how (+adj)
quebrar v to break, bend, weaken
quedar v to remain, stay
quehacer nm task, job, chore
queja nf complaint
quejar v to complain
quemar v to burn
querer v to want, love
queso nm cheese
quien pron who, whom
quién pron who?, whom?
quieto adj still, motionless, calm
química nf chemistry, chemist
químico adj chemical
quince num fifteen
quinientos num five hundred
quinto adj fifth
quitar v to remove, take away
quizás adv perhaps, maybe
rabia nf rage
racional adj rational
radiación nf radiation
radical adj radical
radicar v to lie, be situated
radio nmf radio, set (m), communication (f)
ráfaga nf burst, gust
raíz nf root
rama nf branch, bough, limb
ramo nm bunch (of flowers), branch
rancho nm ranch, farm
rango nm rank, range
rápidamente adv rapidly, quickly
rapidez nf speed, velocity
rápido adj quick, fast
raro adj strange, rare, scarce
rascar v to scratch, scrape
rasgo nm feature, trait
rastro nm track, sign, flea market
rata nf rat
ratificar v to ratify
rato nm moment, while, time
ratón nm mouse, rat
raya nf line, ray, stripe
rayo nm ray, beam, lightning
raza nf race, lineage
razón nf reason, tener r.: to be right
razonable adj reasonable
razonamiento nm reasoning
reacción nf reaction
reaccionar v to react
real adj royal, real, authentic
realidad nf reality, actuality
realismo nm realism
realista adj realistic
realización nf fulfillment, realization
realizar v to fulfill, carry out
realmente adv really, actually, in fact
reanudar v to renew, resume
rebelde nc rebel, insurgent
rebelión nf rebellion
recepción nf reception, waiting room
receptor nm/f receiver, recipient
receta nf recipe, prescription
rechazar v to reject
rechazo nm rejection, refusal
recibir v to receive
recién adv recently, just
reciente adj recent
recientemente adv recently
recinto nm grounds, precincts
recitar v to recite
reclamar v to demand, require
reclamo nm claim, complaint, protest
recobrar v to recover, regain
recoger v to pick up
recomendable adj advisable
recomendación nf recommendation
recomendar v to recommend
reconocer v to recognize, admit
reconocimiento nm recognition, acknowledgment
reconstrucción nf reconstruction
reconstruir v to reconstruct
récord nm record
recordar v to remember, remind
recorrer v to travel, cover (distance)
recorrido nm journey, itinerary, route
recortar v to trim, cut off, clip
recorte nm clipping, cutting, trimming
recostar v to lean
recto adj right, straight, honest
rector nm/f principal, rector
recuerdo nm memory, keepsake
recuperación nf recovery, recuperation
recuperar v to recuperate, recover
recurrir v to resort to
recursos nm resources
red nf network, net, system
redacción nf editing, wording, essay
redactar v to edit, write, compose
redondo adj round
reducción nf reduction
reducido adj reduced, limited
reducir v to reduce
reemplazar v to replace
referencia nf reference, allusion
referente adj concerning
referir v to refer (to)
reflejar v to reflect
reflejo nm reflection
reflexión nf reflection
reflexionar v to reflect, consider on
reforma nf reform, improvement
reformar v to reform, renovate
reforzar v to reinforce, strengthen
refugiar v to take shelter, give refuge
refugio nm shelter, refuge
regalar v to give (as a gift)
regalo nm gift, present
regar v to water, irrigate
régimen nm regime, diet
región nf region
regional adj regional
regir v to rule, govern, manage
registrar v to register, record
registro nm register, record
regla nf rule, ruler, regulation
reglamento nm regulations, rules
regresar v to return (to a place)
regreso nm return
regulación nf adjustment, regulation
regular v to regulate, adjust
regular adj regular
reina nf queen
reinado nm reign, rule
reinar v to reign, prevail
reino nm kingdom, reign
reír v to laugh (at)
reiterar v to reiterate, repeat
reja nf grill, railing
relación nf relationship, relation
relacionar v to relate
relajar v to relax
relámpago nm lightning
relatar v to tell, narrate
relativamente adv relatively
relativo adj relative
relato nm tale, story
relevancia nf relevance
relevante adj relevant, significant
relieve nm relief, poner de r.: to emphasize
religión nf religion
religioso adj religious
reloj nm clock, watch
rematar v to finish off, finish up
remediar v to heal, cure
remedio nm alternative, cure, solution
remitir v to remit
remontar v to go back to (time)
remoto adj remote, far-off
remover v to remove
renacimiento nm rebirth, Renaissance
rencor nm grudge, spite
rendimiento nm yield, output, efficiency
rendir v [se] to give in, to render
renovación nf renewal, renovation
renovar v to renew, renovate
renta nf income
rentable adj profitable
renuncia nf resignation, renunciation
renunciar v to give up, renounce
reparación nf repair, reparation
reparar v to repair, restore
repartir v to divide, deliver, distribute
reparto nm distribution, delivery
repasar v to review, revise
repente adv de + r.: suddenly
repentino adj sudden
repertorio nm repertoire, list, index
repetición nf repetition
repetir v to repeat
repleto adj full, overcrowded
replicar v to reply
reponer v to replace, restore
reportaje nm news report
reportar v to bring, report
reposar v to rest, lie down
reposo nm rest, peace
representación nf representation
representante nc representative
representar v to represent
representativo adj representative
represión nf repression
reprimir v to repress
reproducción nf reproduction
reproducir v to reproduce, repeat
república nf republic
republicano adj republican
requerimiento nm requirement, request, summons
requerir v to require
requisito nm prerequisite, requirement
resaltar v to emphasize
resbalar v to slip
rescatar v to rescue, save
rescate nm rescue, ransom
reseña nf review, outline
reserva nf reservation, reserve
reservado adj reserved, booked
reservar v to reserve, book
residencia nf residence
residente adj resident
residir v to reside, live (in)
residuo nm residue, waste
resignar v to resign, relinquish
resistencia nf resistance, opposition
resistente adj tough, resistant, durable
resistir v to resist, endure
resolución nf resolution
resolver v to resolve, settle, work out
resonar v to resound, ring, echo,
respaldar v to back, support, endorse
respaldo nm support, backing, back
respectar v to concern
respectivamente adv respectively
respectivo adj respective
respecto prep con r. a: regarding
respetar v to respect
respeto nm respect, regard
respetuoso adj respectful
respiración nf respiration, breath
respirar v to breathe
respiratorio adj respiratory, breathing
resplandor nm brightness, radiance
responder v to answer, respond
responsabilidad nf responsibility
responsable adj responsible
respuesta nf answer, reply
restablecer v to re-establish, restore
restante adj remaining, leftover
restar v to subtract, minimize
restauración nf restoration, renovation
restaurante nm restaurant
restaurar v to restore, reinstate
resto nm rest, remainder, leftover
restricción nf restriction
restringir v to limit, restrict
resucitar v to resuscitate
resuelto adj resolved, determined
resultado nm result, outcome
resultar v to result, turn out
resumen nm summary
resumir v to summarize
resurrección nf resurrection
retener v to keep, retain
retirada nf retreat, withdrawal
retirar v to take away, retire
retiro nm withdrawal, retreat
reto nm challenge, defiance
retomar v to retake, restart
retornar v to return, give back
retorno nm return
retraso nm delay
retratar v to portray, draw
retrato nm portrait, photograph
retroceder v to go back
reunión nf meeting, reunion
reunir v to gather, meet, collect
revelación nf revelation
revelar v to reveal, disclose
reventar v to burst, puncture
revés nm al r.: backwards, upside down, inside out
revisar v to check, revise, inspect
revisión nf checking revision
revista nf magazine, journal
revivir v to revive
revolución nf revolution
revolucionario adj revolutionary
revolver v to stir, mix, scramble
revólver nm revolver, Egun
rey nm king
rezar v to pray, recite
rico adj rich, tasty
ridículo adj ridiculous, absurd
rienda nf rein, restraint
riesgo nm risk
rígido adj rigid, stiff, firm
rigor nm harshness, rigor
riguroso adj rigorous, severe
rincón nm corner, nook
río nm river
riqueza nf riches, wealth
risa nf laugh, chuckle
ritmo nm rhythm
rito nm rite, ritual
ritual nm ritual, rite
rival nc rival
robar v to rob, steal
robo nm theft, robbery
roca nf rock
rocío nm dew
rodar v to roll, run, scatter
rodear v to surround
rodilla nf knee
rogar v to implore, pray, ask
rojizo adj reddish, ruddy
rojo adj red
rol nm role
rollo nm roll, coil
romance nm romance
romano adj Roman
romántico adj romantic
romper v to break
ronda nf round
rondar v patrol, serenade
ropa nf clothes, clothing
ropero nm wardrobe, closet
rosa nf rose
rosado adj pink, rosy
rosario nm rosary, beads, string
rostro nm face, countenance
roto adj broken, torn
rotundo adj categorical
rozar v to touch (lightly)
rubio adj blond, fair
rueda nf wheel
ruido nm noise
ruina nf ruin, collapse
rumbo nm direction, course, bearing
rumor nm rumor, murmur
ruptura nf breakup, rupture
rural adj rural, country
ruso adj Russian
ruta nf route
rutina nf routine
sábado nm Saturday
sábana nf (bed) sheet
saber v to know (a fact), find out
saber nm knowledge
sabiduría nf wisdom, knowledge
sabio adj wise, learned
sabor nm taste, flavor, sensation
sacar v to take out
sacerdote nm priest
saco nm sack, bag, plunder
sacrificar v to sacrifice
sacrificio nm sacrifice
sacudir v to shake, jolt
sagrado adj sacred
sal nf salt
sala nf room, hall
salario nm salary, wages
salida nf exit, escape, outcome
salir v to leave, go out
saliva nf saliva, spit
salón nm hall, room
salpicar v to splash, splatter
salsa nf sauce, salsa
saltar v to jump, leap, hop
salto nm jump, hop, skip
salud nf health
saludable adj healthy, wholesome
saludar v to greet, say hello
saludo nm greeting
salvación nf salvation, rescue
salvaje adj wild, savage, uncultivated
salvar v to save, rescue
salvo prep except for, but
sanción nf sanction, approval, penalty
sancionar v to sanction, penalize
sangre nf blood
sanguíneo adj blood, bloody
sanitario adj health, sanitary, clean
sano adj healthy, wholesome
santa nf saint (f)
santo nm saint (m)
sargento nm sergeant
satélite nm satellite
satisfacción nf satisfaction
satisfacer v to satisfy
satisfactorio adj satisfactory
satisfecho adj satisfied
se pron [“reflexive” marker]
secar v to dry
sección nf section, cut
seco adj dry, arid
secretaría nf secretary
secretario nm/f secretary
secreto nm secret
sector nm sector, area, section
secuencia nf sequence
secuestro nm kidnapping, seizure
secundario adj secondary
sed nf thirst
seda nf silk
sede nf headquarters, seat
segmento nm segment, sector
seguida adv en s.: right away, at once
seguidor nm follower, supporter, fan
seguimiento nm follow-up
seguir v to follow, keep on
según prep according to
segundo adj second
segundo nm second
seguramente adv surely, securely
seguridad nf security, safety
seguro adj safe, sure, secure
seguro nm insurance
seis num six
selección nf selection, choice
seleccionar v to select
sellar v to seal, stamp
sello nm stamp, seal
selva nf forest, jungle
semana nf week
semanal adj weekly
sembrar v to sow, plant
semejante adj similar, such, alike
semestre nm semester
semilla nf seed
seminario nm seminar, seminary
seña nf sign, mark, seal
senado nm senate
senador nm/f senator
señal nf sign, mark, token
señalar v to point (out), signal
sencillamente adv simply
sencillo adj simple, plain, easy
sendero nm (foot) path
seno nm breast, bosom, cavity
señor nm sir, Mr, lord
señora nf Mrs., lady, madam
señorita nf young woman
sensación nf sensation, feeling
sensibilidad nf sensitivity
sensible adj sensitive, sentient
sentar v to sit (down), seat
sentencia nf (legal) sentence, judgment
sentenciar v to sentence, condemn
sentido nm sense, feeling
sentimental adj sentimental
sentimiento nm feeling, sentiment
sentir v to feel, regret
separación nf separation
separar v to separate
septiembre nm September
ser v to be (norm)
ser nm being
sereno adj serene, calm
seriamente adv seriously
serie nf series
seriedad nf seriousness
serio adj serious
serpiente nf snake
servicio nm service, helpfulness
servidor nm/f servant
servir v to serve
sesenta num sixty
sesión nf session, meeting
setenta num seventy
severo adj severe
sexo nm sex
sexto adj sixth
sexual adj sexual
show nm show, display
si conj if, whether
adv yes
siempre adv always, forever
sierra nf mountain range, saw
siesta nf siesta, afternoon nap
siete num seven
siglo nm century, age
significado nm meaning
significar v to mean
significativo adj significant, meaningful
signo nm sign, mark, symbol
siguiente adj following, next
silencio nm silence
silencioso adj quiet, silent
silla nf chair, seat
sillón nm armchair, seat
silueta nf silhouette, outline
silvestre adj wild
simbólico adj symbolic
símbolo nm symbol
similar adj similar
simpatía nf sympathy, affinity
simpático adj nice, likeable, friendly
simple adj simple, mere, simple-minded
simplemente adv simply, just
simular v to pretend, simulate
simultáneamente adv simultaneously
sin prep without
sinceramente adv sincerely
sincero adj sincere
sindical adj labor union
sindicato nm trade union
síndrome nm syndrome
sinfonía nf symphony
singular adj single, singular
siniestro adj sinister
sino conj but, except, rather
síntesis nf synthesis
síntoma nm symptom
siquiera adv even (if)
sirena nf siren, mermaid
sistema nm system
sistemático adj systematic
sitio nm place, space
situación nf situation
situado adj situated, located
situar v to situate, place, locate
soberanía nf sovereignty
sobrar v to be too much, left over
sobre prep on top of, over, about
sobrepasar v to excel, outperform
sobresalir v to stand out, excel
sobrevivir v to survive, outlive
sobrino nm nephew
social adj social
socialismo nm socialism
socialista adj socialist
sociedad nf society
socio nm/f member, partner
sofá nm sofa, couch
sofisticado adj sophisticated
software nm software
sol nm sun
solamente adv only
solar adj solar
soldado nm/f soldier
soledad nf loneliness, solitude
solemne adj solemn
soler v to be accustomed to
solicitar v to solicit, request
solicitud nf request, application
solidaridad nf solidarity, togetherness
solidario adj united, jointly shared
sólido adj solid, strong
solitario adj solitary, lonely
solo adj lonely, alone
sólo adv only, just
soltar v to release, loosen, let out
soltero adj single, bachelor
solución nf solution, answer
solucionar v to solve, settle
sombra nf shade, shadow
sombrero nm hat, sombrero
sombrío adj shady, dark, dismal
someter v to subject
sonar v to sound, ring
soñar v to dream
sonido nm sound
sonoro adj loud, resounding
sonreír v to smile
sonriente adj smiling
sonrisa nf smile
sopa nf soup
soplar v to blow (wind)
soportar v to endure, stand (something)
soporte nm support, endorsement
sordo adj deaf, dull
sorprendente adj surprising, astonishing
sorprender v to surprise
sorpresa nf surprise
sospecha nf suspicion
sospechar v to suspect, suppose
sostener v to support, hold up
sostenible adj sustainable
soviético adj Soviet
su adj his/her/their/your (–fam)
suave adj soft, gentle, mild
suavemente adv softly
subasta nf auction
subir v to go up
súbito adj sudden
subjetivo adj subjective
subrayar v to underline, highlight, emphasize
subterráneo adj underground
suceder v to happen
sucesión nf succession, series
sucesivamente adv successively, one by one
sucesivo adj successive, following
suceso nm event, incident
sucesor nm/f successor
sucio adj dirty, filthy, underhanded
sudar v to sweat
sudor nm sweat, perspiration
sueco adj Swiss
sueldo nm salary, pay
suelo nm ground, floor
suelto adj loose
sueño nm dream, sleep
suerte nf luck, fortune
suficiente adj sufficient, enough
suficientemente adv enough
sufrimiento nm suffering
sufrir v to suffer, undergo
sugerencia nf suggestion
sugerir v to suggest, hint at
suicidio nm suicide
suizo adj Swiss
sujetar v to fasten, attach, hold
sujeto nm subject, individual
suma nf sum, amount, summary
sumamente adv extremely, highly
sumar v to add up, amount to
sumergir v to submerge, plunge
suministrar v to supply, provide
suministro nm supply, provision
sumir v to sink, plunge
superar v to overcome, surpass
superficial adj superficial
superficie nf surface, area
superior adj superior, upper
supervivencia nf survival
suplicar v to beg,
suponer v to suppose, assume
supremo adj supreme
suprimir v to suppress, delete
supuestamente adv supposedly, allegedly
supuesto adj supposed, por s.: of course
sur nm south
sureste nm southeast
surgir v to appear, spring (forth)
suscitar v to arouse, provoke
suscribir v to endorse, subscribe
suspender v to suspend, hang, fail
suspensión nf suspension
suspirar v to sigh
suspiro nm sigh
sustancia nf substance, essence
sustentar v to maintain, support
sustitución nf replacement, substitution
sustituir v to substitute, replace
susto nm fright, scare
susurrar v to whisper, murmur
sutil adj subtle
suyo pron his, hers, yours (−fam), theirs
tabaco nm tobacco, cigarette, cigar
tabla nf chart, board, table, plank
tal adj such (a)
talento nm talent, skill
talla nf size (of clothing), stature
taller nm workshop, shop
tamaño nm size, dimension
también adv also
tambor nm drum
tampoco adv neither, nor, either
tan adv such, as, too, so
tanque nm tank, large container
tanto adj so much, so many
tapa nf cover, lid
tapar v to cover, wrap
tardar v to delay, take long
tarde nf afternoon, evening
tarde adv late
tardío adj late, belated
tarea nf task, job
tarifa nf rate, tariff
tarjeta nf card
tasa nf rate, fee, levy
taxi nm taxi, cab
taza nf cup, bowl
te pron you (obj/+fam)
nm tea
teatral adj theatrical
teatro nm theater, drama
techo nm roof
teclado nm keyboard
técnica nf technique, skill
técnico adj technical
técnico nm/f technician
tecnología nf technology
tecnológico adj technological
tejer v to sew, weave
tejido nm fabric, tissue
tela nf cloth, fabric
tele nf TV, television
telefónico adj telephone
teléfono nm phone, telephone
televisión nf TV, television
televisor nm television set
tema nm theme, subject, topic
temática nf theme
temblar v to tremble, shake
temblor nm tremor, shudder, shiver
tembloroso adj trembling, shaky
temer v to fear
temeroso adj fearful
temor nm fear
temperatura nf temperature
templo nm temple, church
temporada nf season, period, time
temporal adj temporary
temprano adj early
tendencia nf tendency, style
tender v to tend to, lay out
tendido adj spread, hung, laid (out)
tener v to have
teniente nm lieutenant, deputy mayor
teñir v to dye
tenis nm tennis
tensión nf tension, stress, strain
tenso adj tight, tense
tentación nf temptation
tentar v to tempt, entice
teología nf theology
teoría nf theory
teórico adj theoretical
terapia nf therapy
tercero adj third
tercio nm third
térmico adj thermal, heated
terminal nm terminal, final
terminar v to finish, end
término nm term (language), end
ternura nf tenderness
terraza nf terrace, balcony
terremoto nm earthquake
terreno nm ground, earth, terrain
terrestre adj earthly, of the earth
terrible adj terrible
territorial adj territorial, regional
territorio nm territory
terror nm terror, horror
terrorismo nm terrorism
terrorista nc terrorist
tesis nf thesis, exposition
tesoro nm treasure, thesaurus
testamento nm will, testament
testigo nm/f witness
testimonio nm testimony, evidence
texto nm text
textura nf texture
ti pron you (obj prep-sg/+fam)
tía nf aunt
tibio adj lukewarm
tiempo nm time (general)
tienda nf shop, store, tent
tierno adj tender, soft
tierra nf earth, land, ground
tigre nm tiger
timbre nm doorbell, bell, seal, stamp
tímido adj timid, shy, half-hearted
tinta nf ink
tío nm uncle, guy
típico adj typical
tipo nm type, kind
tirar v to throw, pull
tiro nm throw, shot
titular nm headline, holder
titular v to title, call
título nm title, heading
toalla nf towel
tocar v to touch, play (instrument)
todavía adv still, yet
todo adj all, every
tolerancia nf tolerance
tolerar v to tolerate, put up with
toma nf outlet, dose, making
tomar v to take, drink
tomate nm tomato
tonelada nf ton
tono nm tone
tontería nf stupidity, stupid thing
tonto adj stupid, dumb
topar v to run into, bump into
toque nm touch, ringing, warning
torcer v to twist, bend, distort
tormenta nf storm
tornar v to transform, turn
torneo nm tournament
torno prep en t. a: around
toro nm bull
torpe adj clumsy, awkward, slow
torre nf tower
tortura nf torture
torturar v to torture, torment
tos nf cough
total adj total, entire
total nm (sum) total
totalidad nf whole, totality
totalmente adv totally, completely
tóxico adj toxic
trabajador nm/f worker, laborer
trabajar v to work
trabajo nm work, job, effort
tradición nf tradition
tradicional adj traditional
tradicionalmente adv traditionally
traducción nf translation
traducir v to translate
traer v to bring, carry
tráfico nm traffic, trade
tragar v to swallow
tragedia nf tragedy
trágico adj tragic
trago nm swig, drink
traición nf treason, betrayal
traicionar v to betray
traje nm suit, dress, costume
trama nf plot, theme
trámite nm procedure, step, requirement
tramo nm section, stretch, plot
trampa nf trick, trap, hacer t.: to cheat
tranquilamente adv calmly, peacefully
tranquilidad nf tranquility, peace
tranquilizar v to calm down
tranquilo adj calm, tranquil, relaxed
transacción nf transaction, deal
transcurrir v to occur, take place
transcurso nm passing, course, lapse
transferencia nf transfer, transference
transferir v to transfer
transformación nf transformation
transformar v to transform, change
transición nf transition
transitar v to roam, go by
tránsito nm traffic, transit
transmisión nf broadcast, transmission
transmitir v to transmit, broadcast
transparencia nf transparency, slide
transparente adj transparent, clear
transportar v to transport, carry
transporte nm transportation, transport
tranvía nm trolley, tram, streetcar
trapo nm rag, cloth
tras prep after, behind
trascendencia nf transcendent nature, significance
trascender v to transcend
trasero adj behind, back
trasladar v to move, transfer
traslado nm transfer
traspasar v to go beyond, cross over
trastorno nm confusion, trouble, upheaval
tratamiento nm treatment, processing
tratar v to try, treat, deal with
trato nm treatment, manner, agreement
través prep a t. de: through, across
trayecto nm trajectory, course, path
trayectoria nf trajectory, path
trazar v to draw, trace
trece num thirteen
tregua nf truce, rest
treinta num thirty
tremendo adj tremendous, dreadful, huge
tren nm train, convoy
trepar v to climb
tres num three
trescientos num three hundred
triángulo nm triangle
tribu nf tribe
tribunal nm court
trigo nm wheat
triste adj sad, unhappy
tristeza nf sadness
triunfar v to triumph
triunfo nm triumph, victory
tronco nm trunk, torso
trono nm throne
tropa nf troops, forces
tropezar v to trip, stumble
tropical adj tropical
trozo nm piece, chunk
truco nm trick, ruse
tu adj your (+fam)
pron you (subj-sg/+fam)
tubo nm tube, pipe
tumba nf tomb, grave
tumbar v to knock over, cast down
tumor nm tumor, growth
túnel nm tunnel
turco adj Turkish
turismo nm tourism
turista nc tourist
turístico adj tourist
turno nm turn, shift, en t. a: around
tuyo pron yours (sg/+fam)
ubicación nf position, location
ubicar v to find, locate
últimamente adv lately, recently
último adj last, final
umbral nm threshold, outset
un art a, an
uña nf nail, fingernail, toenail
únicamente adv only
único adj only, unique, sole
unidad nf unit, unity
unido adj united
uniforme nm uniform
unión nf union
unir v to unite, join (together)
universal adj universal
universidad nf university, college
universitario adj university
universo nm universe
uno num one
urbano adj urban, city, urbane
urgencia nf urgency
urgente adj urgent
uruguayo adj Uruguayan
usado adj worn out, old, used
usar v to use
uso nm use
usted pron you (subj/–fam)
usuario nm/f user
útil adj useful
utilidad nf usefulness, utility
utilización nf use, utilization
utilizar v to use, utilize
vaca nf cow
vacaciones nf vacation
vaciar v to empty, pour out
vacilar v to vacillate, hesitate
vacío adj empty, vacant
vacío nm emptiness, void
vacuna nf vaccine, vaccination
vagar v to roam, wander
vago adj vague
valer v to be worth, cost
válido adj valid
valiente adj brave, courageous, bold
valioso adj valuable, precious
valle nm valley
valor nm value, worth
valoración nf assessment, valuation, evaluation
valorar v to value
vamos interj come on
vanguardia nf vanguard, forefront
vano adj vain, useless
vapor nm vapor, steam
variable adj variable, changeable
variación nf variation
variado adj varied, mixed
variante nf variant, difference
variar v to change, vary
variedad nf variety
varios adj several, various
varón nm male, man
vasco adj Basque
vaso nm (drinking) glass, vase
vasto adj vast, immense, huge
vecino nm/f neighbor
vegetación nf vegetation
vegetal adj plant, vegetable
vehículo nm vehicle, car
veinte num twenty
veinticinco num twenty-five
veinticuatro num twenty-four
vejez nf old age
vela nf candle, sail, vigil
velar v to watch over
velo nm veil
velocidad nf speed, velocity
veloz adj fast, quick
vena nf vein
vencer v to overcome, conquer
vendedor nm/f salesperson
vender v to sell
veneno nm poison, venom
venezolano adj Venezuelan
venganza nf revenge, vengeance
vengar v to take revenge, avenge
venir v to come
venta nf sale
ventaja nf advantage, benefit
ventana nf window
ventanilla nf (vehicle) window
ver v to see
verano nm summer
verbal adj verbal, oral
verbo nm verb
verdad nf truth
verdaderamente adv truly
verdadero adj true, real
verde adj green
verdura nf vegetables, greenery
vereda nf path, sidewalk
vergüenza nf embarrassment
verificar v to verify
versión nf version, account
verso nm verse, poem
verter v to pour, spill, shed
vertical adj vertical, upright
vestido nm dress
vestir v to wear, dress
vez nf time (specific occurrence), en v. de: instead of
vía nf road, way, por v.: by means
viable adj viable, feasible
viajar v to travel
viaje nm travel, trip
viajero nm traveler, passenger
vibración nf vibration
vibrar v to vibrate, tremble
vicepresidente nm/f vice president
vicio nm vice, bad habit, defect
víctima nf victim, casualty
victoria nf victory, triumph
vida nf life
vídeo nm video
vidrio nm glass, pane
viejo adj old, aged
viento nm wind, scent
vientre nm womb, belly
viernes nm Friday
vigencia nf validity
vigente adj in force, valid
vigilancia nf surveillance, vigilance
vigilar v to watch over, guard
vigor nm force, strength, vigor
villa nf village, town
vinculación nf link, connection
vincular v to conenct, link, bind
vínculo nm tie, bond, link
vino nm wine
violación nf violation, rape
violar v to violate, trespass, rape
violencia nf violence
violento adj violent
violín nm violin
virgen nf virgin
virtual adj virtual, potential
virtud nf virtue, quality
virus nm virus
visible adj visible
visión nf vision
visita nf visit, visitor, guest
visitante nc visitor
visitar v to visit
víspera nf eve
vista nf view, sight
visual adj visual
vital adj vital, lively, essential
vitamina nf vitamin
viuda nf widow
vivienda nf housing, dwelling
vivir v to live
vivo adj alive, bright
vocación nf vocation, calling
volante nm steering wheel
volar v to fly
volcán nm volcano
volcar v to turn/knock over, empty
voltear v to turn over, turn around
volumen nm volume
voluntad nf will, willpower, intention
voluntario adj voluntary, volunteer
volver v to return, to, v, again
vos pron you (subj-sg/+fam)
vosotros pron you (subj-pl/+fam)
votación nf vote, voting
votar v to vote
voto nm vote
voz nf voice
vuelo nm flight
vuelta nf return, turn
vuestro adj your (pl/+fam)
vulgar adj vulgar, common, banal
vulnerable adj vulnerable
web nm Internet, web
whisky nm whisky
y conj and
ya adv already, still
yacer v to lie, be located
yacimiento nm deposit, field
yo pron I (subj)
zapatilla nf slipper, shoe
zapato nm shoe
zona nf area, zone